The volar pad of the fingertip provides a very stable yet sensitive surface that gives the hand the ability to pinch and grasp. The focus of this study was to advance understanding of the anatomical features of the digital pulp space. The unusual features of the fingertip pulp space include prominent collagen fiber cords and a branching continuous fine vasculature. Prominent collagen fiber cords radiating out from beneath the epidermal basement membrane are like the cords of a parachute, which directly attach to the periosteum of the distal phalanx. Those collagen fiber cords are responsible for the firm attachment of the fingertip to the distal phalanx. There is a fine patent vasculature within the pulp space. Also contained in the capsule are numerous lobules of fat, which contribute to some elasticity of the fingertip. Principles of treatment for injuries or infections of the digital pulp should attempt to preserve this anatomical construct so that the firmness and vascular supply of the fingertip are maintained and not disrupted.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Plastic and reconstructive surgery|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2004|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes