Pulsed-Laser Deposited 35 Bi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3-65 PbTiO3 Thin Films - Part II: Influence of A-Site Deficiency and Thickness Scaling on Electric Properties

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


35 Bi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3-65 PbTiO3 (35 BiMT-65 PT) thin films with varying levels of A-site deficiency were investigated as a potential candidate for high-temperature nonvolatile ferroelectric memories. PbTiO3 seed layers utilized to nucleate the perovskite phase in A-site deficient films induced a thickness dependence to the ferroelectric hysteresis and dielectric permittivity. Adjusting for this, the dielectric response of the 35 BiMT-65 PT films is ≈ 960. The maximum dielectric permittivity was 430 °C at 1 MHz for A-site deficient films. The transition temperature is independent of film thickness to 85 nm. Tan(δ) remains less than 15% at 1 MHz regardless of film thickness and temperature up to 585 °C. High-temperature polarization-electric field hysteresis measurements show charge injection with increasing temperature, while positive-up-negative-down measurements show little temperature dependence of P-r up to temperatures of 200 °C. Poole-Frenkel emission dominated the high field leakage behavior. The refractive index measured by ellipsometry is 2.58 at 633 nm. All samples show significant retention loss. As the stoichiometry improves, retention improves such that >40% of the initial Δ P is retained over ≈ 280 min.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8334275
Pages (from-to)1534-1541
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pulsed-Laser Deposited 35 Bi(Mg<sub>1/2</sub>Ti<sub>1/2</sub>)O<sub>3</sub>-65 PbTiO<sub>3</sub> Thin Films - Part II: Influence of A-Site Deficiency and Thickness Scaling on Electric Properties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this