Pulsed ultrasonic doppler velocity measurements inside a left ventricular assist device

J. M. Tarbell, J. P. Gunshinan, D. B. Geselowitz, Gerson Rosenberg, K. K. Shung, W. S. Pierce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study we have employed a single channel, pulsed ultrasonic Doppler velocimeter to measure instantaneous velocity distributions within the pumping chamber of a ventricular assist device. Instantaneous velocities have been decomposed into periodic mean and turbulent fluctuating components from which estimates of Reynolds stresses within the chamber and mean shear stresses along the wall of the chamber have been obtained. A review of the complete data set indicates a maximum value of the mean wall shear stress of 25 dynes/cm2 and a maximum Reynolds stress of 212 dynes/cm2. These values are lower than those measured distal to aortic valve prostheses in vitro and are well below levels known to damage blood components. Core flow patterns, wall washing patterns and flow stagnation points are also revealed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-238
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Volume108
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

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Left ventricular assist devices
Heart-Assist Devices
Aortic Valve
Ultrasonics
Velocity measurement
Ultrasonic Doppler velocimeters
Prostheses and Implants
Shear stress
Prosthetics
Velocity distribution
Washing
Flow patterns
Blood
In Vitro Techniques
Datasets

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Tarbell, J. M. ; Gunshinan, J. P. ; Geselowitz, D. B. ; Rosenberg, Gerson ; Shung, K. K. ; Pierce, W. S. / Pulsed ultrasonic doppler velocity measurements inside a left ventricular assist device. In: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. 1986 ; Vol. 108, No. 3. pp. 232-238.
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Pulsed ultrasonic doppler velocity measurements inside a left ventricular assist device. / Tarbell, J. M.; Gunshinan, J. P.; Geselowitz, D. B.; Rosenberg, Gerson; Shung, K. K.; Pierce, W. S.

In: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol. 108, No. 3, 01.01.1986, p. 232-238.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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