Purification and characterization of acetate kinase from acetate-grown Methanosarcina thermophila. Evidence for regulation of synthesis.

D. J. Aceti, J. G. Ferry

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Abstract

Acetate kinase was purified 102-fold to a specific activity of 656 mumol of ADP formed/min/mg of protein from acetate-grown Methanosarcina thermophila. The enzyme was not intrinsically membrane bound. The native enzyme (Mr 94,000) was an alpha 2 homodimer with a subunit Mr of 53,000. The activity was optimum between pH 7.0 and 7.4. A pI of 4.7 was determined. The enzyme was stable to O2 and stable to heating at 70 degrees C for 15 min but was rapidly inactivated at higher temperatures. The apparent Km for acetate was 22 mM and for ATP was 2.8 mM. The enzyme phosphorylated propionate at 60% of the rate with acetate but was unable to use formate. TTP, ITP, UTP, GTP, and CTP replaced ATP as the phosphoryl donor to acetate. The enzyme required one of several divalent cations for activity; the maximum rate was obtained with Mn2+. Western blots of cell extract proteins showed that acetate grown cells synthesized higher quantities of the acetate kinase than did methanol grown cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15444-15448
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of biological chemistry
Volume263
Issue number30
StatePublished - Oct 25 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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