Purification and properties of the intact P-700 and F x-containing Photosystem I core protein

Kevin G. Parrett, Tetemke Mehari, Patrick G. Warren, John H. Golbeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

127 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The intact Photosystem I core protein, containing the psaA and psaB polypeptides, and electron transfer components P-700 through Fx, was isolated from cyanobacterial and higher plant Photosystem I complexes with chaotropic agents followed by sucrose density ultracentrifugation. The concentrations of NaClO4, NaSCN, NaI, NaBr or urea required for the functional removal of the 8.9 kDa, FA/FB polypeptide was shown to be inversely related to the strength of the chaotrope. The Photosystem I core protein, which was purified to homogeniety, contains 4 mol of acid-labile sulfide and has the following properties: (i) the Fx-containing core consists of the 82 and 83 kDa reaction center polypeptides but is totally devoid of the low-molecular-mass polypeptides; (ii) methyl viologen and other bipyridilium dyes have the ability to accept electrons directly from Fx; (iii) the difference spectrum of Fx from 400 to 900 nm is characteristic of an iron-sulfur cluster; (iv) the midpoint potential of Fx, determined optically at room temperature, is 60 mV more positive than in the control; (v) there is indication by ESR spectroscopy of low-temperature heterogeniety within Fx; and (vi) the heterogeneity is seen by optical spectroscopy as inefficiency in low-temperature electron flow to Fx. The constraints imposed by the amount of non-heme iron and labile sulfide in the Photosystem I core protein, the cysteine content of the psaA and psaB polypeptides, and the stoichiometry of high-molecular-mass polypeptides, cause us to re-examine the possibility that Fx is a [4Fe-4S] rather than a [2Fe-2S] cluster ligated by homologous cysteine residues on the psaA and psaB heterodimer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)324-332
Number of pages9
JournalBBA - Bioenergetics
Volume973
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1989

Fingerprint

Photosystem I Protein Complex
Purification
Peptides
Proteins
Molecular mass
Sulfides
Electrons
Temperature
Cysteine
Spectrum Analysis
Iron
Paraquat
Electron temperature
Ultracentrifugation
Sulfur
Stoichiometry
Paramagnetic resonance
Sucrose
Urea
chlorophyll P 700

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Parrett, Kevin G. ; Mehari, Tetemke ; Warren, Patrick G. ; Golbeck, John H. / Purification and properties of the intact P-700 and F x-containing Photosystem I core protein. In: BBA - Bioenergetics. 1989 ; Vol. 973, No. 2. pp. 324-332.
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abstract = "The intact Photosystem I core protein, containing the psaA and psaB polypeptides, and electron transfer components P-700 through Fx, was isolated from cyanobacterial and higher plant Photosystem I complexes with chaotropic agents followed by sucrose density ultracentrifugation. The concentrations of NaClO4, NaSCN, NaI, NaBr or urea required for the functional removal of the 8.9 kDa, FA/FB polypeptide was shown to be inversely related to the strength of the chaotrope. The Photosystem I core protein, which was purified to homogeniety, contains 4 mol of acid-labile sulfide and has the following properties: (i) the Fx-containing core consists of the 82 and 83 kDa reaction center polypeptides but is totally devoid of the low-molecular-mass polypeptides; (ii) methyl viologen and other bipyridilium dyes have the ability to accept electrons directly from Fx; (iii) the difference spectrum of Fx from 400 to 900 nm is characteristic of an iron-sulfur cluster; (iv) the midpoint potential of Fx, determined optically at room temperature, is 60 mV more positive than in the control; (v) there is indication by ESR spectroscopy of low-temperature heterogeniety within Fx; and (vi) the heterogeneity is seen by optical spectroscopy as inefficiency in low-temperature electron flow to Fx. The constraints imposed by the amount of non-heme iron and labile sulfide in the Photosystem I core protein, the cysteine content of the psaA and psaB polypeptides, and the stoichiometry of high-molecular-mass polypeptides, cause us to re-examine the possibility that Fx is a [4Fe-4S] rather than a [2Fe-2S] cluster ligated by homologous cysteine residues on the psaA and psaB heterodimer.",
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Purification and properties of the intact P-700 and F x-containing Photosystem I core protein. / Parrett, Kevin G.; Mehari, Tetemke; Warren, Patrick G.; Golbeck, John H.

In: BBA - Bioenergetics, Vol. 973, No. 2, 02.1989, p. 324-332.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Purification and properties of the intact P-700 and F x-containing Photosystem I core protein

AU - Parrett, Kevin G.

AU - Mehari, Tetemke

AU - Warren, Patrick G.

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AB - The intact Photosystem I core protein, containing the psaA and psaB polypeptides, and electron transfer components P-700 through Fx, was isolated from cyanobacterial and higher plant Photosystem I complexes with chaotropic agents followed by sucrose density ultracentrifugation. The concentrations of NaClO4, NaSCN, NaI, NaBr or urea required for the functional removal of the 8.9 kDa, FA/FB polypeptide was shown to be inversely related to the strength of the chaotrope. The Photosystem I core protein, which was purified to homogeniety, contains 4 mol of acid-labile sulfide and has the following properties: (i) the Fx-containing core consists of the 82 and 83 kDa reaction center polypeptides but is totally devoid of the low-molecular-mass polypeptides; (ii) methyl viologen and other bipyridilium dyes have the ability to accept electrons directly from Fx; (iii) the difference spectrum of Fx from 400 to 900 nm is characteristic of an iron-sulfur cluster; (iv) the midpoint potential of Fx, determined optically at room temperature, is 60 mV more positive than in the control; (v) there is indication by ESR spectroscopy of low-temperature heterogeniety within Fx; and (vi) the heterogeneity is seen by optical spectroscopy as inefficiency in low-temperature electron flow to Fx. The constraints imposed by the amount of non-heme iron and labile sulfide in the Photosystem I core protein, the cysteine content of the psaA and psaB polypeptides, and the stoichiometry of high-molecular-mass polypeptides, cause us to re-examine the possibility that Fx is a [4Fe-4S] rather than a [2Fe-2S] cluster ligated by homologous cysteine residues on the psaA and psaB heterodimer.

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