Our study of tyrosine hydroxylase (tyrosine 3-monooxygenase, EC 184.108.40.206) from rabbit adrenals has identified two major requirements which are likely to be of general application for the optimal purification and recovery of enzyme activity consequent to high-pressure liquid chromatography: (i) recovery of activity is maximized by pretreatment of the high-pressure liquid chromatography column before each use with protein to saturate high affinity, nonspecific sites exposed by the methanol used for washing, and storage of the column. (ii) Both purification and recovery are critically dependent upon the molarity of the mobile phase buffer. Examination of high-pressure liquid chromatography purified rabbit adrenal tyrosine hydroxylase by nondenaturing gel electrophoresis indicated that tyrosine hydroxylase activity was associated with one of the two protein bands in the gel. Thus, the convenient purification procedure described in this report leads to preparative amounts of tyrosine hydroxylase which is approximately 50% homogeneous.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology