Hepatic triglyceride lipase (H-TGL) was purified to near homogeneity from heparin-containing rat liver perfusates with the following column chromatography steps: heparin-Sepharose affinity chromatography, anion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel, and gel filtration on Ultrogel AcA 34. A final specific activity of 45,000 μmol fatty acid/mg/h was obtained with an overall 31% recovery of catalytic activity. The heparin-Sepharose step resulted in a 20-fold purification, while the DEAE and gel filtration steps led to further purification with complete recovery of activity. An extensive survey of various detergents as potential stabilizers of H-TGL activity led to the selection of Triton N-101 for use in the column buffers of the DEAE and gel filtration steps. Relative to initial H-TGL activity upon dilution in buffer without detergent, recoveries between 90 and 100% were consistently obtained with Triton N-101-containing buffers following a 24-h incubation at 20°C. In contrast after a 24-h incubation at 20°C those control samples lacking detergent were at least 95% inactivated. The highly purified H-TGL exhibited a single major band by sodium dodecyl sulfate-electrophoresis. The use of DEAE chromatography and stabilization of H-TGL with Triton N-101 are the improvements in purification that resulted in an 8-fold enhancement in specific activity relative to the highest previous report of purification from rat liver perfusates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology