Pygmoid Australomelanesian Homo sapiens skeletal remains from Liang Bua, Flores: Population affinities and pathological abnormalities

T. Jacob, E. Indriati, R. P. Soejono, K. Hsü, D. W. Frayer, R. B. Eckhardt, A. J. Kuperavagel, A. Thorne, M. Henneberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Scopus citations

Abstract

Liang Bua 1 (LB1) exhibits marked craniofacial and postcranial asymmetries and other indicators of abnormal growth and development. Anomalies aside, 140 cranial features place LB1 within modern human ranges of variation, resembling Australomelanesian populations. Mandibular and dental features of LB1 and LB6/1 either show no substantial deviation from modern Homo sapiens or share features (receding chins and rotated premolars) with Rampasasa pygmies now living near Liang Bua Cave. We propose that LB1 is drawn from an earlier pygmy H. sapiens population but individually shows signs of a developmental abnormality, including microcephaly. Additional mandibular and postcranial remains from the site share small body size but not microcephaly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13421-13426
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume103
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 5 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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