Pyrolytic carbon supported alloying metal dichalcogenides as free-standing electrodes for efficient hydrogen evolution

Xin Gan, Ruitao Lv, Xuyang Wang, Zexia Zhang, Kazunori Fujisawa, Yu Lei, Zheng Hong Huang, Mauricio Terrones, Feiyu Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrochemical reduction of water is a renewable way to produce clean hydrogen energy. In order to overcome the high-cost and shortage of noble metals, transition metal compounds involving earth-abundant elements, such as MoS2 and WS2, have been proposed as novel catalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Efforts have been made to increase the intrinsic catalytic activity of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), while alloying same- group elements has not been vastly investigated. Moreover, besides the catalytic activity, the design of free-standing catalytic electrodes is also critical for HER. In this work, we synthesize pyrolytic carbon film with MoxW1-xS2 nanoflakes embedded as a free-standing flexible electrodes for HER catalysis. The pyrolytic carbon acts as conductive and flexible matrix for TMDC alloys with controlled composition, resulting in remarkably enhanced HER activity. The highest HER activity was observed for Mo0.37W0.63S2/C samples with an overpotential of 0.137 V at geometric current densities of jgeo = 10 mA cm−2 and a Tafel slope of 53 mV dec−1. These results now provide low-cost viable alternatives for the design and construction of catalysts based on alloyed TMDCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)512-519
Number of pages8
JournalCarbon
Volume132
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

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Alloying
Hydrogen
Metals
Electrodes
Carbon
Transition metals
Catalyst activity
Transition metal alloys
Transition metal compounds
Catalysts
Carbon films
Precious metals
Catalysis
pyrolytic carbon
Costs
Current density
Earth (planet)
Water
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Gan, Xin ; Lv, Ruitao ; Wang, Xuyang ; Zhang, Zexia ; Fujisawa, Kazunori ; Lei, Yu ; Huang, Zheng Hong ; Terrones, Mauricio ; Kang, Feiyu. / Pyrolytic carbon supported alloying metal dichalcogenides as free-standing electrodes for efficient hydrogen evolution. In: Carbon. 2018 ; Vol. 132. pp. 512-519.
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Pyrolytic carbon supported alloying metal dichalcogenides as free-standing electrodes for efficient hydrogen evolution. / Gan, Xin; Lv, Ruitao; Wang, Xuyang; Zhang, Zexia; Fujisawa, Kazunori; Lei, Yu; Huang, Zheng Hong; Terrones, Mauricio; Kang, Feiyu.

In: Carbon, Vol. 132, 06.2018, p. 512-519.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Gan, Xin

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AU - Fujisawa, Kazunori

AU - Lei, Yu

AU - Huang, Zheng Hong

AU - Terrones, Mauricio

AU - Kang, Feiyu

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N2 - Electrochemical reduction of water is a renewable way to produce clean hydrogen energy. In order to overcome the high-cost and shortage of noble metals, transition metal compounds involving earth-abundant elements, such as MoS2 and WS2, have been proposed as novel catalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Efforts have been made to increase the intrinsic catalytic activity of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), while alloying same- group elements has not been vastly investigated. Moreover, besides the catalytic activity, the design of free-standing catalytic electrodes is also critical for HER. In this work, we synthesize pyrolytic carbon film with MoxW1-xS2 nanoflakes embedded as a free-standing flexible electrodes for HER catalysis. The pyrolytic carbon acts as conductive and flexible matrix for TMDC alloys with controlled composition, resulting in remarkably enhanced HER activity. The highest HER activity was observed for Mo0.37W0.63S2/C samples with an overpotential of 0.137 V at geometric current densities of jgeo = 10 mA cm−2 and a Tafel slope of 53 mV dec−1. These results now provide low-cost viable alternatives for the design and construction of catalysts based on alloyed TMDCs.

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