Glycoprotein IIIa was quantitated in human platelets by radioimmunoassay using antisera specific to platelet membranes and purified glycoprotein IIIa. Glycoprotein IIIa and glycoprotein IIb were isolated from washed platelets by Triton X-114 extraction followed by preparative sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Radioiodinated glycoprotein IIIa was further purified by affinity chromatography on Lentil lectin-Sepharose 4B. Purified glycoprotein IIb showed little crossreactivity with 125I-labeled glycoprotein IIIa using the anti-platelet membrane or anti-glycoprotein IIIa antisera on a competition inhibition radioimmunoassay. The expression of glycoprotein IIIa epitopes were the same for the purified glycoprotein IIIa and glycoprotein IIIa in Triton X-100 solubilized platelets. A 66 kDa protein derived from glycoprotein IIIa by limited proteolysis of platelet membranes also expressed the same epitopes as intact glycoprotein IIIa. Solubilized platelets contained approximately 16 μg of total glycoprotein IIIa antigen per 109 cells. The level of glycoprotein IIIa determined by radioimmunoassay in one patient with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia amounted to 6.7% of normal and it was close to the values obtained by other methods.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology