Quantitation of Fetal Heart Function With Tissue Doppler Velocity Imaging-Reference Values for Color Tissue Doppler Velocities and Comparison With Pulsed Wave Tissue Doppler Velocities

Ashish P. Saini, Serdar Ural, Linda B. Pauliks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quantitative assessment of fetal heart function has been difficult. Increasingly, tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is used to measure fetal cardiac function noninvasively. There are two principal techniques, spectral pulsed wave (PW) TDI and color TDI (CTDI). Published reference values for fetal myocardial velocities are based on spectral PW TDI only. However, previous phantom, adult, and animal studies have shown that PW TDI velocities are systematically higher than CTDI velocities. There are no fetal studies so far. We hypothesized that myocardial velocities derived by PW TDI and CTDI are significantly different in the fetus. This prospective observational study included 91 fetuses (gestational age 28.6±6.6 weeks; range 19-40 weeks) seen for routine prenatal ultrasound. From apical 4-chamber views, tricuspid ring (right ventricle), lateral and septal mitral ring were sampled by PW TDI and CTDI. Bland-Altman analysis was used for comparisons. PW and CTDI S′ velocities correlated strongly in all three cardiac segments (r=0.6 to 0.9; P<0.01). There was a systematic bias toward higher velocities with PW TDI versus CTDI (bias 0.96cm/s; 95% CI 1.08-0.85cm/s). However, the strength of the correlation and bias varied depending on the region of the fetal heart sampled. PW TDI and CTDI velocity measurements are feasible in the fetus and correlate well. However, PW TDI velocities are higher than CTDI velocities with significant regional variation. This precludes a mathematical conversion of PW to CTDI in vivo. As PW TDI and color TDI vary, different reference values for fetal CTDI velocities were generated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-91
Number of pages5
JournalArtificial organs
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Fetal Heart
Reference Values
Color
Tissue
Imaging techniques
Fetus
Velocity measurement
Gestational Age
Heart Ventricles
Observational Studies
Animals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

@article{6a7751544905475f986cd89ff96c3e78,
title = "Quantitation of Fetal Heart Function With Tissue Doppler Velocity Imaging-Reference Values for Color Tissue Doppler Velocities and Comparison With Pulsed Wave Tissue Doppler Velocities",
abstract = "Quantitative assessment of fetal heart function has been difficult. Increasingly, tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is used to measure fetal cardiac function noninvasively. There are two principal techniques, spectral pulsed wave (PW) TDI and color TDI (CTDI). Published reference values for fetal myocardial velocities are based on spectral PW TDI only. However, previous phantom, adult, and animal studies have shown that PW TDI velocities are systematically higher than CTDI velocities. There are no fetal studies so far. We hypothesized that myocardial velocities derived by PW TDI and CTDI are significantly different in the fetus. This prospective observational study included 91 fetuses (gestational age 28.6±6.6 weeks; range 19-40 weeks) seen for routine prenatal ultrasound. From apical 4-chamber views, tricuspid ring (right ventricle), lateral and septal mitral ring were sampled by PW TDI and CTDI. Bland-Altman analysis was used for comparisons. PW and CTDI S′ velocities correlated strongly in all three cardiac segments (r=0.6 to 0.9; P<0.01). There was a systematic bias toward higher velocities with PW TDI versus CTDI (bias 0.96cm/s; 95{\%} CI 1.08-0.85cm/s). However, the strength of the correlation and bias varied depending on the region of the fetal heart sampled. PW TDI and CTDI velocity measurements are feasible in the fetus and correlate well. However, PW TDI velocities are higher than CTDI velocities with significant regional variation. This precludes a mathematical conversion of PW to CTDI in vivo. As PW TDI and color TDI vary, different reference values for fetal CTDI velocities were generated.",
author = "Saini, {Ashish P.} and Serdar Ural and Pauliks, {Linda B.}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/aor.12187",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "38",
pages = "87--91",
journal = "Artificial Organs",
issn = "0160-564X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantitation of Fetal Heart Function With Tissue Doppler Velocity Imaging-Reference Values for Color Tissue Doppler Velocities and Comparison With Pulsed Wave Tissue Doppler Velocities

AU - Saini, Ashish P.

AU - Ural, Serdar

AU - Pauliks, Linda B.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Quantitative assessment of fetal heart function has been difficult. Increasingly, tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is used to measure fetal cardiac function noninvasively. There are two principal techniques, spectral pulsed wave (PW) TDI and color TDI (CTDI). Published reference values for fetal myocardial velocities are based on spectral PW TDI only. However, previous phantom, adult, and animal studies have shown that PW TDI velocities are systematically higher than CTDI velocities. There are no fetal studies so far. We hypothesized that myocardial velocities derived by PW TDI and CTDI are significantly different in the fetus. This prospective observational study included 91 fetuses (gestational age 28.6±6.6 weeks; range 19-40 weeks) seen for routine prenatal ultrasound. From apical 4-chamber views, tricuspid ring (right ventricle), lateral and septal mitral ring were sampled by PW TDI and CTDI. Bland-Altman analysis was used for comparisons. PW and CTDI S′ velocities correlated strongly in all three cardiac segments (r=0.6 to 0.9; P<0.01). There was a systematic bias toward higher velocities with PW TDI versus CTDI (bias 0.96cm/s; 95% CI 1.08-0.85cm/s). However, the strength of the correlation and bias varied depending on the region of the fetal heart sampled. PW TDI and CTDI velocity measurements are feasible in the fetus and correlate well. However, PW TDI velocities are higher than CTDI velocities with significant regional variation. This precludes a mathematical conversion of PW to CTDI in vivo. As PW TDI and color TDI vary, different reference values for fetal CTDI velocities were generated.

AB - Quantitative assessment of fetal heart function has been difficult. Increasingly, tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is used to measure fetal cardiac function noninvasively. There are two principal techniques, spectral pulsed wave (PW) TDI and color TDI (CTDI). Published reference values for fetal myocardial velocities are based on spectral PW TDI only. However, previous phantom, adult, and animal studies have shown that PW TDI velocities are systematically higher than CTDI velocities. There are no fetal studies so far. We hypothesized that myocardial velocities derived by PW TDI and CTDI are significantly different in the fetus. This prospective observational study included 91 fetuses (gestational age 28.6±6.6 weeks; range 19-40 weeks) seen for routine prenatal ultrasound. From apical 4-chamber views, tricuspid ring (right ventricle), lateral and septal mitral ring were sampled by PW TDI and CTDI. Bland-Altman analysis was used for comparisons. PW and CTDI S′ velocities correlated strongly in all three cardiac segments (r=0.6 to 0.9; P<0.01). There was a systematic bias toward higher velocities with PW TDI versus CTDI (bias 0.96cm/s; 95% CI 1.08-0.85cm/s). However, the strength of the correlation and bias varied depending on the region of the fetal heart sampled. PW TDI and CTDI velocity measurements are feasible in the fetus and correlate well. However, PW TDI velocities are higher than CTDI velocities with significant regional variation. This precludes a mathematical conversion of PW to CTDI in vivo. As PW TDI and color TDI vary, different reference values for fetal CTDI velocities were generated.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84891903471&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84891903471&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/aor.12187

DO - 10.1111/aor.12187

M3 - Article

C2 - 24117622

AN - SCOPUS:84891903471

VL - 38

SP - 87

EP - 91

JO - Artificial Organs

JF - Artificial Organs

SN - 0160-564X

IS - 1

ER -