Quantitation of S-Adenosylmethionine Decarboxylase Protein

Akira Shirahata, Kathy L. Christman, Anthony Pegg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

A method for the specific labeling of the active site of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase was developed. The method consisted of incubating cell extracts with 3H-decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine and sodium cyanoborohydride in the presence of a spermidine synthase inhibitor. Under these conditions, S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase was labeled specifically and stoichiometrically. This procedure was used (a) to establish that the subunit molecular weight of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase from rat liver, prostate, and psoas and from mouse SV-3T3 cells was 32000, (b) to titrate the number of active molecules of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase in various cell extracts, and (c) to provide a high specific activity labeled preparation of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase for use in radioimmunoassay of this enzyme. Competitive radioimmunoassays using this labeled antigen had a sensitivity such that 3 fmol (0.1 ng) of enzyme protein could be quantitated. The rapid loss of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase which occurred when SV-3T3 cells were exposed to exogenous polyamines was shown to be due to a rapid decline in the amount of enzyme protein measured both by titration of the active site and by radioimmunoassay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4417-4423
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemistry
Volume24
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1985

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

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