This paper summarizes and modifies quantitative genetic analyses on a pedigree used to map genetic factors (i.e., QTLs) underlying a complex trait. The total genetic variance can be exactly estimated based on the F2 family derived from two homozygous parents for alternative alleles at all QTLs of interest. The parents, F1 hybrids, and two backcrosses are combined to each parent, and the total number of QTLs and the number of dominant QTLs are estimated under the assumptions of gene association with the two parents, equal gene effect, no linkage, and no epistasis among QTLs. Further relaxation for each of the assumptions are made in detail. The biometric estimator for the QTL number and action mode averaged over the entire genome could provide some basic and complementary information to QTL mapping designed to detect the effect and location of specific genetic factors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science