We derive a simple formula for the heating rate that arises from quantum-diffractive background gas collisions in atom traps. This result appears to explain the residual heating rates reported for recent experiments with a Cs vapor-loaded, far-detuned optical trap at [Formula Presented] Torr [Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5768 (1998)]. Diffractive collisions may determine the minimum heating rates achievable in shallow all-optical or magnetic atom traps operating at low temperature and high density.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics