Quantum fluids in nanopores

Nathan M. Urban, Milton Walter Cole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe calculations of the properties of quantum fluids inside nanotubes of various sizes. Very small radius (R) pores confine the gases to a line, so that a one-dimensional (1D) approximation is applicable; the low temperature behavior of 1D 4He is discussed. Somewhat larger pores permit the particles to move off axis, resulting eventually in a transition to a cylindrical shell phase - a thin film near the tube wall; we explored this behavior for H2. At even larger R ∼ 1 nm, both the shell phase and an axial phase are present. Results showing strong binding of cylindrical liquids 4He and 3He are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5264-5271
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics B
Volume20
Issue number30-31
StatePublished - Dec 20 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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