A set of quasi-parton distribution functions (quasi-PDFs) have been recently proposed by Ji. Defined as the matrix elements of equal-time spatial correlations, they can be computed on the lattice and should reduce to the standard PDFs when the proton momentum Pz is very large. Since taking the Pz→∞ limit is not feasible in lattice simulations, it is essential to provide guidance for which values of Pz the quasi-PDFs are good approximations of standard PDFs. Within the framework of the spectator diquark model, we evaluate both the up and down quarks' quasi-PDFs and standard PDFs for all leading-twist distributions (unpolarized distribution f1, helicity distribution g1, and transversity distribution h1). We find that, for intermediate parton momentum fractions x, quasi-PDFs are good approximations to standard PDFs (within 20-30%) when Pz≥1.5-2 GeV. On the other hand, for large x~1 much larger Pz>4 GeV is necessary to obtain a satisfactory agreement between the two sets. We further test the Soffer positivity bound, and find that it does not hold in general for quasi-PDFs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics|
|State||Published - Apr 9 2015|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics