An observed correlation Ep α (Eiso) 1/2 extending from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) to X-ray flashes (XRFs) poses problems both for a power-law universal jet model, in which the energy per solid angle decreases as the inverse square of the angle with respect to the jet axis, and for a conical jet model with a uniform energy density within the jet beam and a sharp energy cutoff at the jet edge. Here we show that the current GRB-XRF prompt emission/afterglow data can be understood in terms of a picture in which the GRB-XRF jets are quasi-universal and structured, with a Gaussian-like or similar structure, i.e., one where the jet has a characteristic angle, with a mild variation of energy inside and a rapid (e.g., exponential) decrease of energy outside of it. A Monte Carlo simulation shows that the current data is compatible with such a quasi-universal Gaussian jet with a typical opening angle of 5.7-2.1+3.4 deg and with a standard jet energy of about log (Ej/1 erg) = 51.1 ± 0.3. According to this model, the true-to-observed number ratio of the whole GRB-XRF population is about 14 with the current instrumental sensitivity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Issue number||2 II|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1 2004|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science