Electronic nematicity is a ubiquitous phenomenon in iron-based superconductors but its origin is still debated. Most models consider either spin or orbital degrees of freedom as the driving force but typically do not take electronic correlations into account. However, mass enhancements, coherent-incoherent crossovers, and the strong orbital differentiation can only be understood using correlations in a Hund's metal framework. Here, we study the influence of nematicity on the quasiparticle coherence in detwinned FeSe using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). We compare photoemission spectral weight from dxz and dyz orbitals in the coherent quasiparticle peak and in the incoherent Hubbard band and find an anisotropy between the two orbitals. We interpret our observation in terms of a more coherent dxz orbital compared to the dyz orbital inside the nematic phase. This result is in contrast to earlier predictions of an incoherent dxz orbital and highlights the importance of electronic correlations in the description of nematicity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics