R. Budd Dwyer: A Case Study in Newsroom Decision Making

Patrick Robert Parsons, William E. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

□ In late January of 1987, the State Treasurer of Pennsylvania, R. Budd Dwyer, shot himself to death in front of a dozen reporters and camera crews during a news conference in his office. Much was subsequently made in the popular press, and within the profession, about the difficult ethical decision television journalists were faced with in determining how much of the very graphic suicide tape to air. A review of the literature in this area suggests, however, that journalists have established a set of relatively detailed conventions for dealing with events involving graphic depictions of death. Analysis of the Dwyer tape and interviews conducted with Pennsylvania television news directors show that eighteen of the twenty stations in the state that carry news used basically the same type and amount of footage in their evening newscasts. One decided to use no tape. One showed the moment of death. When the story broke around noon, two additional stations showed the moment of suicide, but they revised their story for the evening program. In addition, the wide majority of news directors interviewed said they had little difficulty in deciding how to edit the tape. The processing of the Dwyer story suggests that any ethical dilemmas faced by journalists during decision making were put aside for later consideration. The material was edited quickly and according to similar patterns, or conventions, around the state. The study suggests greater attention be given to the definition and interaction of personal professional values, in the ethical sense, and norms of news processing, in the sociological sense.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-94
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Mass Media Ethics
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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Tapes
news
Decision making
decision making
journalist
Television
death
suicide
director
television
newscast
popular press
Processing
reporter
Cameras
profession
air
News
Tape
Decision Making

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Communication
  • Philosophy

Cite this

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abstract = "□ In late January of 1987, the State Treasurer of Pennsylvania, R. Budd Dwyer, shot himself to death in front of a dozen reporters and camera crews during a news conference in his office. Much was subsequently made in the popular press, and within the profession, about the difficult ethical decision television journalists were faced with in determining how much of the very graphic suicide tape to air. A review of the literature in this area suggests, however, that journalists have established a set of relatively detailed conventions for dealing with events involving graphic depictions of death. Analysis of the Dwyer tape and interviews conducted with Pennsylvania television news directors show that eighteen of the twenty stations in the state that carry news used basically the same type and amount of footage in their evening newscasts. One decided to use no tape. One showed the moment of death. When the story broke around noon, two additional stations showed the moment of suicide, but they revised their story for the evening program. In addition, the wide majority of news directors interviewed said they had little difficulty in deciding how to edit the tape. The processing of the Dwyer story suggests that any ethical dilemmas faced by journalists during decision making were put aside for later consideration. The material was edited quickly and according to similar patterns, or conventions, around the state. The study suggests greater attention be given to the definition and interaction of personal professional values, in the ethical sense, and norms of news processing, in the sociological sense.",
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R. Budd Dwyer : A Case Study in Newsroom Decision Making. / Parsons, Patrick Robert; Smith, William E.

In: Journal of Mass Media Ethics, Vol. 3, No. 1, 01.01.1988, p. 84-94.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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