Rabbit liver microsomal lipid peroxidation The effect of lipid on the rate of peroxidation

Ming Tien, Steven D. Aust

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Abstract

Rat and rabbit liver microsomes catalyze an NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase-dependent peroxidation of endogenous lipid in the presence of the chelate, ADP-Fe3+. Although liver microsomes from both species contain comparable levels of NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase and cytochrome P-450, the rate of lipid peroxidation (assayed by malondialdehyde and lipid hydroperoxide formation) catalyzed by rabbit liver microsomes is only about 40% of that catalyzed by rat liver microsomes. Microsomal lipid peroxidation was reconstituted with liposomes made from extracted microsomal lipid and purified protease-solubilized NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase from both rat and rabbit liver microsomes. The results demonstrated that the lower rates of lipid peroxidation catalyzed by rabbit liver microsomes could not be attributed to the specific activity of the reductase. Microsomal lipid from rabbit liver was found to be much less susceptible to lipid peroxidation. This was due to the lower polyunsaturated fatty acid content rather than the presence of antioxidants in rabbit liver microsomal lipid. Gas-liquid chromatographic analysis of fatty acids lost during microsomal lipid peroxidation revealed that the degree of fatty acid unsaturation correlated well with rates of lipid peroxidation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Volume712
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 20 1982

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology

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