Radial versus femoral access for rescue percutaneous coronary intervention with adjuvant glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor use

Saleem Kassam, Warren J. Cantor, Dharmesh Patel, Ian C. Gilchrist, Luke D. Winegard, Mark E. Rea, Kimberley A. Bowman, Robert J. Chisholm, Bradley H. Strauss

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The transradial approach has not been evaluated for 'rescue' percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor following failed thrombolysis. Objectives: To compare the safety and procedural outcomes of the transradial and transfemoral approaches to rescue PCI. Methods: Rescue PCI cases with adjuvant GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor performed at two centres were reviewed retrospectively, and the bleeding rates, equipment use and procedure times for the femoral and the radial approach were compared. Results: Radial access was attempted in 47 of 111 cases (42%) and crossover to femoral access was required in two cases (4%). Major bleeding occurred in three patients in the radial group (6%) and in 12 patients in the femoral group (19%; P=0.06). Radial access was associated with less access site-related major bleeding (0% versus 9%; P=0.04) and fewer transfusions (4% versus 19%; P=0.02). After excluding patients with intra-aortic balloon pump, this difference was no longer statistically significant (4% versus 8%; P=0.7). Fluoroscopy times and contrast use were similar, and the time to first balloon inflation was slightly longer with radial access (33 min versus 30 min; P=0.07). Conclusions: In selected patients, the transradial approach for rescue PCI is safe and effective. The present findings warrant further study in a prospective, randomized trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1439-1442
Number of pages4
JournalCanadian Journal of Cardiology
Volume20
Issue number14
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Kassam, S., Cantor, W. J., Patel, D., Gilchrist, I. C., Winegard, L. D., Rea, M. E., Bowman, K. A., Chisholm, R. J., & Strauss, B. H. (2004). Radial versus femoral access for rescue percutaneous coronary intervention with adjuvant glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor use. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 20(14), 1439-1442.