Radiated sound from a cross-flow turbine with pitching hydrofoils

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

An underwater drone turbine generator unit is currently under development. The turbine consists of three cross-flow pitching foils. While understanding single turbine lift, thrust, and torque performance in a reverberant tank with a six-component load cell, an opportunity arose to quantify its radiated sound performance since such information may have an environmental impact on marine mammals and fish. Unsteady lift and drag on a non-cavitating hydrofoil, quantified by the time-dependent load cell response, results in dipole sound. This radiated sound power within the reverberant tank also results in a uniform distribution acoustic pressure that can be measured with hydrophones. Given the tank properties such as volume and frequency dependent reverberation time constants, the radiated sound can be quantified. The low frequency sound power is therefore quantified using the load cell and the high frequency sound power by averaging hydrophone levels. The sound power for the two frequency ranges with excellent overlap are shown for a single turbine with a span of 900 mm and diameter of 450 mm operating at 107 rpm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAcoustics, Vibration and Phononics
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791858486
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
EventASME 2017 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2017 - Tampa, United States
Duration: Nov 3 2017Nov 9 2017

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)
Volume13

Other

OtherASME 2017 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2017
CountryUnited States
CityTampa
Period11/3/1711/9/17

Fingerprint

Hydrofoils
Turbines
Acoustic waves
Hydrophones
Mammals
Reverberation
Turbogenerators
Fish
Metal foil
Drag
Environmental impact
Torque
Acoustics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Jonson, M. L., Jefferies, R. W., Goldschmidt, M. Z., & McEntee, J. (2017). Radiated sound from a cross-flow turbine with pitching hydrofoils. In Acoustics, Vibration and Phononics (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE); Vol. 13). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2017-70868
Jonson, Michael Lester ; Jefferies, Rhett William ; Goldschmidt, Margalit Zipora ; McEntee, Jarlath. / Radiated sound from a cross-flow turbine with pitching hydrofoils. Acoustics, Vibration and Phononics. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2017. (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)).
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Jonson, ML, Jefferies, RW, Goldschmidt, MZ & McEntee, J 2017, Radiated sound from a cross-flow turbine with pitching hydrofoils. in Acoustics, Vibration and Phononics. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE), vol. 13, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME 2017 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2017, Tampa, United States, 11/3/17. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2017-70868

Radiated sound from a cross-flow turbine with pitching hydrofoils. / Jonson, Michael Lester; Jefferies, Rhett William; Goldschmidt, Margalit Zipora; McEntee, Jarlath.

Acoustics, Vibration and Phononics. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2017. (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE); Vol. 13).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Jonson ML, Jefferies RW, Goldschmidt MZ, McEntee J. Radiated sound from a cross-flow turbine with pitching hydrofoils. In Acoustics, Vibration and Phononics. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2017. (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)). https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2017-70868