Radiation effects in crystalline ceramics for the immobilization of high-level nuclear waste and plutonium

W. J. Weber, R. C. Ewing, C. R.A. Catlow, T. Diaz De La Rubia, L. W. Hobbs, C. Kinoshita, Hj Matzke, A. T. Motta, M. Nastasi, E. K.H. Salje, E. R. Vance, S. J. Zinkle

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

This review provides a comprehensive evaluation of the state-of-knowledge of radiation effects in crystalline ceramics that may be used for the immobilization of high-level nuclear waste and plutonium. The current understanding of radiation damage processes, defect generation, microstructure development, theoretical methods, and experimental methods are reviewed. Fundamental scientific and technological issues that offer opportunities for research are identified. The most important issue is the need for an understanding of the radiation-induced structural changes at the atomic, microscopic, and macroscopic levels, and the effect of these changes on the release rates of radionuclides during corrosion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1434-1484
Number of pages51
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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