The spatial variability and diurnal propagation of mean precipitation in the summer rainy seasons (from 2003 to 2010) over the Sichuan basin (SCB) and adjacent mountainous regions are examined using high spatiotemporal resolution satellite-derived precipitation estimates. The SCB is located just east of the Tibetan Plateau (TP) and is prone to heavy precipitation that often peaks over nighttime and early morning. The large-scale environment over the SCB during the rainy season is characterized by weak low- to midtropospheric convergence in the lee of the TP and by the upper-tropospheric jet stream to the north. Under this flow configuration, the study links the unique diurnal variations in the precipitation pattern and propagation to the unique topography in this region. It is found that during the rainy season, the local diurnal precipitation maximum moves primarily downslope and southeastward, from over the TP in the daytime to SCB at night.A secondary maximum moves northeastward downslope of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau toward the SCB from late evening to the early morning. The movement of precipitation over the SCB and the adjacent regions is closely tied to multiple regional-scale mountain-plain solenoids because of the large contrast in terrain heights between the basin and surrounding mountain ranges.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atmospheric Science