Raised by Depressed Parents: Is it an Environmental Risk?

Misaki N. Natsuaki, Daniel S. Shaw, Jenae M. Neiderhiser, Jody M. Ganiban, Gordon T. Harold, David Reiss, Leslie D. Leve

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanisms explaining how parental depression compromises healthy child development are complex and multifaceted, with genetic and environmental pathways intertwined. Reexamination of whether and how maternal and paternal depression serve as environmental risk factors is important because such an investigation can be helpful to identify modifiable mechanisms that are accessible to interventions. We review studies that have employed designs that isolate the effects of the environment from genetic influences, including adoption studies and children of twins studies. Findings indicate that maternal depression is an environmental risk factor for the emotional, behavioral, and neurobiological development of children. Although more studies are needed, preliminary findings suggest that paternal depression appears to be a weaker environmental risk as compared to maternal depression, at least during infancy and toddlerhood. Implications for theory and future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-367
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 7 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Raised by Depressed Parents: Is it an Environmental Risk?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this