We derive the general frequency shift of a microwave atomic clock due to resonant dipole forces acting on the atomic wave functions during the Ramsey interactions. We explicitly demonstrate that only dressed-state populations in position space contribute significantly to the frequency shift and that the de Broglie phases of the dressed-state wave functions do not contribute. In addition, we show that momentum changes in the second Ramsey interaction normally produce negligible frequency shifts in comparison to those from the first Ramsey interaction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 14 2014|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics