Random bursts determine dynamics of active filaments

Christoph A. Weber, Ryo Suzuki, Volker Schaller, Igor S. Aranson, Andreas R. Bausch, Erwin Frey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Constituents of living or synthetic active matter have access to a local energy supply that serves to keep the system out of thermal equilibrium. The statistical properties of such fluctuating active systems differ from those of their equilibrium counterparts. Using the actin filament gliding assay as a model, we studied how nonthermal distributions emerge in active matter. We found that the basic mechanism involves the interplay between local and random injection of energy, acting as an analog of a thermal heat bath, and nonequilibrium energy dissipation processes associated with sudden jump-like changes in the system's dynamic variables. We show here how such a mechanism leads to a nonthermal distribution of filament curvatures with a non-Gaussian shape. The experimental curvature statistics and filament relaxation dynamics are reproduced quantitatively by stochastic computer simulations and a simple kinetic model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10703-10707
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume112
Issue number34
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 2015

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Hot Temperature
Actin Cytoskeleton
Baths
Computer Simulation
Injections

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Weber, Christoph A. ; Suzuki, Ryo ; Schaller, Volker ; Aranson, Igor S. ; Bausch, Andreas R. ; Frey, Erwin. / Random bursts determine dynamics of active filaments. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2015 ; Vol. 112, No. 34. pp. 10703-10707.
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Random bursts determine dynamics of active filaments. / Weber, Christoph A.; Suzuki, Ryo; Schaller, Volker; Aranson, Igor S.; Bausch, Andreas R.; Frey, Erwin.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 112, No. 34, 25.08.2015, p. 10703-10707.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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