Random Copolymers Allow Control of Crystallization and Microphase Separation in Fully Conjugated Block Copolymers

Youngmin Lee, Melissa P. Aplan, Zach D. Seibers, Renxuan Xie, Tyler E. Culp, Cheng Wang, Alexander Hexemer, S. Michael Kilbey, Qing Wang, Enrique D. Gomez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thin films of fully conjugated donor-acceptor block copolymers composed of an electron donating block and an electron accepting block can be used as single component photoactive layers in organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. In order to realize their full potential, control over microphase separation and thin-film morphology are critical. In conjugated block copolymer systems where one or more blocks can crystallize, the morphological evolution is governed by the competition between microphase separation and crystallization. In this work, we control crystallization of fully conjugated block copolymers with a random copolymer block. We suppress the crystal packing of poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT) through the insertion of a small number of 3-octylthiophene (3OT) units within the chains, yielding poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl-random-3-octylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P[3HT-r-3OT]). While crystallization of P3HT dominates the morphology and prevents microphase separation in poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl)-block-poly((9,9-dioctylfluorene-2,7-diyl)-alt-(4,7-di(thiophene-2-yl)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)-5′,5″-diyl) (P3HT-b-PFTBT), modest levels of 3OT suppress crystallization in P[3HT-r-3OT]-b-PFTBT, and permit microphase separation. Thus, we demonstrate that incorporating a random copolymer into a donor-acceptor block copolymer can increase control over microphase separation and lead to enhanced performance in OPV devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8844-8852
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecules
Volume51
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 13 2018

Fingerprint

Microphase separation
Crystallization
Block copolymers
Copolymers
Thiophenes
Thin films
Electrons
Thiophene
Crystals
poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Lee, Youngmin ; Aplan, Melissa P. ; Seibers, Zach D. ; Xie, Renxuan ; Culp, Tyler E. ; Wang, Cheng ; Hexemer, Alexander ; Kilbey, S. Michael ; Wang, Qing ; Gomez, Enrique D. / Random Copolymers Allow Control of Crystallization and Microphase Separation in Fully Conjugated Block Copolymers. In: Macromolecules. 2018 ; Vol. 51, No. 21. pp. 8844-8852.
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abstract = "Thin films of fully conjugated donor-acceptor block copolymers composed of an electron donating block and an electron accepting block can be used as single component photoactive layers in organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. In order to realize their full potential, control over microphase separation and thin-film morphology are critical. In conjugated block copolymer systems where one or more blocks can crystallize, the morphological evolution is governed by the competition between microphase separation and crystallization. In this work, we control crystallization of fully conjugated block copolymers with a random copolymer block. We suppress the crystal packing of poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT) through the insertion of a small number of 3-octylthiophene (3OT) units within the chains, yielding poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl-random-3-octylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P[3HT-r-3OT]). While crystallization of P3HT dominates the morphology and prevents microphase separation in poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl)-block-poly((9,9-dioctylfluorene-2,7-diyl)-alt-(4,7-di(thiophene-2-yl)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)-5′,5″-diyl) (P3HT-b-PFTBT), modest levels of 3OT suppress crystallization in P[3HT-r-3OT]-b-PFTBT, and permit microphase separation. Thus, we demonstrate that incorporating a random copolymer into a donor-acceptor block copolymer can increase control over microphase separation and lead to enhanced performance in OPV devices.",
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Random Copolymers Allow Control of Crystallization and Microphase Separation in Fully Conjugated Block Copolymers. / Lee, Youngmin; Aplan, Melissa P.; Seibers, Zach D.; Xie, Renxuan; Culp, Tyler E.; Wang, Cheng; Hexemer, Alexander; Kilbey, S. Michael; Wang, Qing; Gomez, Enrique D.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 51, No. 21, 13.11.2018, p. 8844-8852.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Random Copolymers Allow Control of Crystallization and Microphase Separation in Fully Conjugated Block Copolymers

AU - Lee, Youngmin

AU - Aplan, Melissa P.

AU - Seibers, Zach D.

AU - Xie, Renxuan

AU - Culp, Tyler E.

AU - Wang, Cheng

AU - Hexemer, Alexander

AU - Kilbey, S. Michael

AU - Wang, Qing

AU - Gomez, Enrique D.

PY - 2018/11/13

Y1 - 2018/11/13

N2 - Thin films of fully conjugated donor-acceptor block copolymers composed of an electron donating block and an electron accepting block can be used as single component photoactive layers in organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. In order to realize their full potential, control over microphase separation and thin-film morphology are critical. In conjugated block copolymer systems where one or more blocks can crystallize, the morphological evolution is governed by the competition between microphase separation and crystallization. In this work, we control crystallization of fully conjugated block copolymers with a random copolymer block. We suppress the crystal packing of poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT) through the insertion of a small number of 3-octylthiophene (3OT) units within the chains, yielding poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl-random-3-octylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P[3HT-r-3OT]). While crystallization of P3HT dominates the morphology and prevents microphase separation in poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl)-block-poly((9,9-dioctylfluorene-2,7-diyl)-alt-(4,7-di(thiophene-2-yl)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)-5′,5″-diyl) (P3HT-b-PFTBT), modest levels of 3OT suppress crystallization in P[3HT-r-3OT]-b-PFTBT, and permit microphase separation. Thus, we demonstrate that incorporating a random copolymer into a donor-acceptor block copolymer can increase control over microphase separation and lead to enhanced performance in OPV devices.

AB - Thin films of fully conjugated donor-acceptor block copolymers composed of an electron donating block and an electron accepting block can be used as single component photoactive layers in organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. In order to realize their full potential, control over microphase separation and thin-film morphology are critical. In conjugated block copolymer systems where one or more blocks can crystallize, the morphological evolution is governed by the competition between microphase separation and crystallization. In this work, we control crystallization of fully conjugated block copolymers with a random copolymer block. We suppress the crystal packing of poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT) through the insertion of a small number of 3-octylthiophene (3OT) units within the chains, yielding poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl-random-3-octylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P[3HT-r-3OT]). While crystallization of P3HT dominates the morphology and prevents microphase separation in poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl)-block-poly((9,9-dioctylfluorene-2,7-diyl)-alt-(4,7-di(thiophene-2-yl)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)-5′,5″-diyl) (P3HT-b-PFTBT), modest levels of 3OT suppress crystallization in P[3HT-r-3OT]-b-PFTBT, and permit microphase separation. Thus, we demonstrate that incorporating a random copolymer into a donor-acceptor block copolymer can increase control over microphase separation and lead to enhanced performance in OPV devices.

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