Randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditation and exercise for the prevention of acute respiratory infection: Possible mechanisms of action

Aleksandra Zgierska, Chidi N. Obasi, Roger Brown, Tola Ewers, Daniel Muller, Michele Gassman, Shari Barlow, Bruce Barrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. A randomized trial suggests that meditation and exercise may prevent acute respiratory infection (ARI). This paper explores potential mediating mechanisms. Methods. Community-recruited adults were randomly assigned to three nonblinded arms: 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (N = 51), moderate-intensity exercise (N = 51), or wait-list control (N = 52). Primary outcomes were ARI illness burden (validated Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey). Potential mediators included self-reported psychophysical health and exercise intensity (baseline, 9 weeks, and 3 months). A Baron and Kenny approach-based mediational analysis model, adjusted for group status, age, and gender, evaluated the relationship between the primary outcome and a potential mediator using zero-inflated modeling and Sobel testing. Results. Of 154 randomized, 149 completed the trial (51, 47, and 51 in meditation, exercise, and control groups) and were analyzed (82% female, 94% Caucasian, 59.3 ± SD 6.6 years old). Mediational analyses suggested that improved mindfulness (Mindful Attention Awareness Scale) at 3 months may mediate intervention effects on ARI severity and duration (P < 0.05); 1 point increase in the mindfulness score corresponded to a shortened ARI duration by 7.2-9.6 hours. Conclusions. Meditation and exercise may decrease the ARI illness burden through increased mindfulness. These preliminary findings need confirmation, if confirmed, they would have important policy and clinical implications. This trial registration was Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01057771.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number952716
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume2013
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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