Randomized study of the tolerance and efficacy of high- versus low-dose zidovudine in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children with mild to moderate symptoms (AIDS Clinical Trials group 128)

Michael T. Brady, Nuala McGrath, Pim Brouwers, Richard Gelber, Mary Glenn Fowler, Ram Yogev, Nancy Hutton, Yvonne J. Bryson, Charles D. Mitchell, Senih Fikrig, William Borkowsky, Eleanor Jimenez, George McSherry, Arye Rubinstein, Catherine M. Wilfert, Kenneth McIntosh, Mary Maha Elkins, Peggy S. Weintrub

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Abstract

The current dosage of zidovudine for children is 180 mg/m2 every 6 h. To investigate whether a lower dosage was equally effective, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children (3 months to 12 years) with mild to moderate symptoms were randomly assigned to receive either high-dose (180 mg/m2/dose) or low-dose (90 mg/m2/dose) zidovudine (double-blind). Treatments were compared with respect to neuropsychologic function, survival, clinical and laboratory evidence of disease progression, and safety and tolerance. Four hundred twenty-six HIV-infected children were enrolled; median time for receipt of study drug was 35 months. Zidovudine in either dose was well tolerated, with no difference in efficacy or tolerance by treatment group using any clinical or laboratory parameter. In children with mild to moderate disease, a reduction of zidovudine to 90 mg/m2/dose will result in substantial cost savings and should be the recommended dose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1097-1106
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume173
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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