Rapid expulsion of microswimmers by a vortical flow

Andrey Sokolov, Igor S. Aranson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interactions of microswimmers with their fluid environment are exceptionally complex. Macroscopic shear flow alters swimming trajectories in a highly nontrivial way and results in dramatic reduction of viscosity and heterogeneous bacterial distributions. Here we report on experimental and theoretical studies of rapid expulsion of microswimmers, such as motile bacteria, by a vortical flow created by a rotating microparticle. We observe a formation of a macroscopic depletion area in a high-shear region, in the vicinity of a microparticle. The rapid migration of bacteria from the shear-rich area is caused by a vortical structure of the flow rather than intrinsic random fluctuations of bacteria orientations, in stark contrast to planar shear flow. Our mathematical model reveals that expulsion is a combined effect of motility and alignment by a vortical flow. Our findings offer a novel approach for manipulation of motile microorganisms and shed light on bacteria-flow interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number11114
JournalNature communications
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2016

Fingerprint

expulsion
bacteria
Bacteria
microparticles
Shear flow
shear flow
Theoretical Models
shear
Flow interactions
sheds
locomotion
microorganisms
Viscosity
Microorganisms
manipulators
mathematical models
depletion
alignment
Trajectories
trajectories

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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Rapid expulsion of microswimmers by a vortical flow. / Sokolov, Andrey; Aranson, Igor S.

In: Nature communications, Vol. 7, 11114, 23.03.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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