Rat Bite Fever: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Justin W. Walker, Lilia Reyes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cases of rat-bite fever (RBF) were reported in the literature for more than 2000 years. Not until recently, however, were attempts made to differentiate between RBF and Streptobacillus moniliformis septic arthritis, 2 arguably different clinical entities. There are limited data regarding S moniliformis septic arthritis and the features that distinguish it from RBF, and most conclude that although clinically disparate diseases, it is difficult to differentiate between them. We report a case of a 17-year-old girl who presented with S moniliformis bacteremia and symptoms that spanned both RBF and S moniliformis septic arthritis. This case emphasizes the difficulty in differentiating the 2 clinical entities and the importance of early diagnosis, proper clinical suspicion, and prompt treatment to achieve positive outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E28-E29
JournalPediatric Emergency Care
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Fingerprint

Rat-Bite Fever
Moniliformis
Infectious Arthritis
Streptobacillus
Bacteremia
Early Diagnosis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

@article{63c6e0058bdf4f609ae966ebb966bb93,
title = "Rat Bite Fever: A Case Report and Review of the Literature",
abstract = "Cases of rat-bite fever (RBF) were reported in the literature for more than 2000 years. Not until recently, however, were attempts made to differentiate between RBF and Streptobacillus moniliformis septic arthritis, 2 arguably different clinical entities. There are limited data regarding S moniliformis septic arthritis and the features that distinguish it from RBF, and most conclude that although clinically disparate diseases, it is difficult to differentiate between them. We report a case of a 17-year-old girl who presented with S moniliformis bacteremia and symptoms that spanned both RBF and S moniliformis septic arthritis. This case emphasizes the difficulty in differentiating the 2 clinical entities and the importance of early diagnosis, proper clinical suspicion, and prompt treatment to achieve positive outcomes.",
author = "Walker, {Justin W.} and Lilia Reyes",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/PEC.0000000000000956",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "E28--E29",
journal = "Pediatric Emergency Care",
issn = "0749-5161",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "2",

}

Rat Bite Fever : A Case Report and Review of the Literature. / Walker, Justin W.; Reyes, Lilia.

In: Pediatric Emergency Care, Vol. 35, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. E28-E29.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rat Bite Fever

T2 - A Case Report and Review of the Literature

AU - Walker, Justin W.

AU - Reyes, Lilia

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Cases of rat-bite fever (RBF) were reported in the literature for more than 2000 years. Not until recently, however, were attempts made to differentiate between RBF and Streptobacillus moniliformis septic arthritis, 2 arguably different clinical entities. There are limited data regarding S moniliformis septic arthritis and the features that distinguish it from RBF, and most conclude that although clinically disparate diseases, it is difficult to differentiate between them. We report a case of a 17-year-old girl who presented with S moniliformis bacteremia and symptoms that spanned both RBF and S moniliformis septic arthritis. This case emphasizes the difficulty in differentiating the 2 clinical entities and the importance of early diagnosis, proper clinical suspicion, and prompt treatment to achieve positive outcomes.

AB - Cases of rat-bite fever (RBF) were reported in the literature for more than 2000 years. Not until recently, however, were attempts made to differentiate between RBF and Streptobacillus moniliformis septic arthritis, 2 arguably different clinical entities. There are limited data regarding S moniliformis septic arthritis and the features that distinguish it from RBF, and most conclude that although clinically disparate diseases, it is difficult to differentiate between them. We report a case of a 17-year-old girl who presented with S moniliformis bacteremia and symptoms that spanned both RBF and S moniliformis septic arthritis. This case emphasizes the difficulty in differentiating the 2 clinical entities and the importance of early diagnosis, proper clinical suspicion, and prompt treatment to achieve positive outcomes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85007252552&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85007252552&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000956

DO - 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000956

M3 - Review article

C2 - 28002119

AN - SCOPUS:85007252552

VL - 35

SP - E28-E29

JO - Pediatric Emergency Care

JF - Pediatric Emergency Care

SN - 0749-5161

IS - 2

ER -