The methylation of 4-methylbiphenyl (4-MBP) can yield 4,4'-dimethylbiphenyl (4,4'-DMBP), an important precursor for advanced polymers. The reaction mechanismof the shape-selective methylation of 4-MBP with methanol within the pores of H-ZSM-5 zeolite was studied, using“our own-N-layered integrated molecular orbital+molecular mechanics”(ONIOM) and density functional theory (DFT) methods. Stepwise and concerted mechanisms were considered, with the former having a lower activation energy. 4,4'-DMBPis kinetically favored by both mechanisms. Transition state selectivity accounts for the preferential methylation to 4,4'-DMBP. The isomerization of 4-MBPto 3-methylbiphenyl (3-MBP) is restricted within the zeolite. The isomerization of 4-MBP to 3-MBPis kinetically favored over methylation on the external zeolite surface, which causes a decrease in 4, 4'-DMBP selectivity. Passivating the external surface will suppress 4-MBP isomerization, therefore increasing 4,4'-DMBP selectivity by restricting reaction within the zeolite. The computational results of shape-selective and non-selective reactions over H-ZSM-5 zeolite well account for the experimental observations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry