Reactions to social inclusion and ostracism as a function of perceived in-group similarity

Donald F. Sacco, Michael Jason Bernstein, Steven G. Young, Kurt Hugenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although ostracism is a powerfully aversive experience, recent evidence identifies factors capable of moderating the impact of ostracism, such as in-group status and the group's essential nature. In the current work, 67 Caucasian American participants (47 women) were included or ostracized by either same-race (i.e., Caucasian American) or other-race (i.e., African American) targets on a between-subjects basis while playing the game Cyberball. Participants then indicated the extent to which they felt similar to the other Cyberball players as well as how satisfied their basic needs (e.g., belongingness, self-esteem) were during the game. Consistent with past research, we found that in-group and out-group status moderated the magnitude of reactions to social inclusion and ostracism; that is, ostracism hurts more and social inclusion feels better when it is implemented by fellow in-group as opposed to out-group members. Importantly, we extend these previous findings by demonstrating that differential reactions to social inclusion and ostracism are mediated by changes in participants' self-perceived similarity with in-group members. These results identify a potential mechanism responsible for the differential impact of in-group-out-group status on reactions to social inclusion and ostracism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-137
Number of pages9
JournalGroup Dynamics
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Self Concept
African Americans
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Sacco, Donald F. ; Bernstein, Michael Jason ; Young, Steven G. ; Hugenberg, Kurt. / Reactions to social inclusion and ostracism as a function of perceived in-group similarity. In: Group Dynamics. 2014 ; Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 129-137.
@article{16fc516714f54d0a8c55d6ec91d20de1,
title = "Reactions to social inclusion and ostracism as a function of perceived in-group similarity",
abstract = "Although ostracism is a powerfully aversive experience, recent evidence identifies factors capable of moderating the impact of ostracism, such as in-group status and the group's essential nature. In the current work, 67 Caucasian American participants (47 women) were included or ostracized by either same-race (i.e., Caucasian American) or other-race (i.e., African American) targets on a between-subjects basis while playing the game Cyberball. Participants then indicated the extent to which they felt similar to the other Cyberball players as well as how satisfied their basic needs (e.g., belongingness, self-esteem) were during the game. Consistent with past research, we found that in-group and out-group status moderated the magnitude of reactions to social inclusion and ostracism; that is, ostracism hurts more and social inclusion feels better when it is implemented by fellow in-group as opposed to out-group members. Importantly, we extend these previous findings by demonstrating that differential reactions to social inclusion and ostracism are mediated by changes in participants' self-perceived similarity with in-group members. These results identify a potential mechanism responsible for the differential impact of in-group-out-group status on reactions to social inclusion and ostracism.",
author = "Sacco, {Donald F.} and Bernstein, {Michael Jason} and Young, {Steven G.} and Kurt Hugenberg",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/gdn0000002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "129--137",
journal = "Group Dynamics",
issn = "1089-2699",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "2",

}

Reactions to social inclusion and ostracism as a function of perceived in-group similarity. / Sacco, Donald F.; Bernstein, Michael Jason; Young, Steven G.; Hugenberg, Kurt.

In: Group Dynamics, Vol. 18, No. 2, 01.01.2014, p. 129-137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reactions to social inclusion and ostracism as a function of perceived in-group similarity

AU - Sacco, Donald F.

AU - Bernstein, Michael Jason

AU - Young, Steven G.

AU - Hugenberg, Kurt

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Although ostracism is a powerfully aversive experience, recent evidence identifies factors capable of moderating the impact of ostracism, such as in-group status and the group's essential nature. In the current work, 67 Caucasian American participants (47 women) were included or ostracized by either same-race (i.e., Caucasian American) or other-race (i.e., African American) targets on a between-subjects basis while playing the game Cyberball. Participants then indicated the extent to which they felt similar to the other Cyberball players as well as how satisfied their basic needs (e.g., belongingness, self-esteem) were during the game. Consistent with past research, we found that in-group and out-group status moderated the magnitude of reactions to social inclusion and ostracism; that is, ostracism hurts more and social inclusion feels better when it is implemented by fellow in-group as opposed to out-group members. Importantly, we extend these previous findings by demonstrating that differential reactions to social inclusion and ostracism are mediated by changes in participants' self-perceived similarity with in-group members. These results identify a potential mechanism responsible for the differential impact of in-group-out-group status on reactions to social inclusion and ostracism.

AB - Although ostracism is a powerfully aversive experience, recent evidence identifies factors capable of moderating the impact of ostracism, such as in-group status and the group's essential nature. In the current work, 67 Caucasian American participants (47 women) were included or ostracized by either same-race (i.e., Caucasian American) or other-race (i.e., African American) targets on a between-subjects basis while playing the game Cyberball. Participants then indicated the extent to which they felt similar to the other Cyberball players as well as how satisfied their basic needs (e.g., belongingness, self-esteem) were during the game. Consistent with past research, we found that in-group and out-group status moderated the magnitude of reactions to social inclusion and ostracism; that is, ostracism hurts more and social inclusion feels better when it is implemented by fellow in-group as opposed to out-group members. Importantly, we extend these previous findings by demonstrating that differential reactions to social inclusion and ostracism are mediated by changes in participants' self-perceived similarity with in-group members. These results identify a potential mechanism responsible for the differential impact of in-group-out-group status on reactions to social inclusion and ostracism.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84902956335&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84902956335&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/gdn0000002

DO - 10.1037/gdn0000002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84902956335

VL - 18

SP - 129

EP - 137

JO - Group Dynamics

JF - Group Dynamics

SN - 1089-2699

IS - 2

ER -