ReaxFF simulations of petroleum coke sulfur removal mechanisms during pyrolysis and combustion

Qifan Zhong, Qiuyun Mao, Jin Xiao, Adri Van Duin, Jonathan P. Mathews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Green petroleum coke (petcoke) is used as a feedstock for raw carbon material or as a fuel. Petcoke with high sulfur (S) content (>4 wt%) is typically restricted to fuel use unless extensive S removal is successful. Here, the S removal mechanisms during both pyrolysis and combustion were explored using the Reactive Force Field (ReaxFF) MD approach. A structural representation (C1648H772O59N24S47) of a green Qingdao petcoke was generated coupling high-resolution transmission electron microscopy lattice fringe image analysis and analytical data. This structure was consistent with elemental, aromaticity (FT-IR), the pair correlation function (XRD), and functional group (S, O, and N from XPS) data. The ReaxFF pyrolysis simulation produced gas and tar yields of 44.7 and 11.0 wt% at 3000 K after 250 ps of simulation. The combustion simulation on the same initial structure was performed in an O2 environment. During the pyrolysis simulation, the first-step for S-removal was thiophenic sulfur conversion to C1–4S (mostly C2S), COS, or CNS. The heteroatom pyrolysis overlapped, for this structure, at these conditions. However, for the combustion simulation earlier conversion of thiophenic sulfur to COS was observed. No N–S containing structures occurred in this O-rich environment, as pyrrolic and pyridinic N quickly oxidized into CON or NO compounds. The S transformation during combustion can be summarized by COS → CO2S → CO3S → CO4S. The H atoms reacted with S-containing gases like COS/C2S/CNS producing HS and H2S rather than with the coke-S.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-157
Number of pages12
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume198
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Fingerprint

Petroleum coke
coke
Desulfurization
crude oil
pyrolysis
Pyrolysis
sulfur
Sulfur
simulation
Gases
Tars
Tar
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
tars
Coke
Image analysis
Feedstocks
Functional groups
image analysis
Carbon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

@article{6b360f33f7134b6aabbd233c54500391,
title = "ReaxFF simulations of petroleum coke sulfur removal mechanisms during pyrolysis and combustion",
abstract = "Green petroleum coke (petcoke) is used as a feedstock for raw carbon material or as a fuel. Petcoke with high sulfur (S) content (>4 wt{\%}) is typically restricted to fuel use unless extensive S removal is successful. Here, the S removal mechanisms during both pyrolysis and combustion were explored using the Reactive Force Field (ReaxFF) MD approach. A structural representation (C1648H772O59N24S47) of a green Qingdao petcoke was generated coupling high-resolution transmission electron microscopy lattice fringe image analysis and analytical data. This structure was consistent with elemental, aromaticity (FT-IR), the pair correlation function (XRD), and functional group (S, O, and N from XPS) data. The ReaxFF pyrolysis simulation produced gas and tar yields of 44.7 and 11.0 wt{\%} at 3000 K after 250 ps of simulation. The combustion simulation on the same initial structure was performed in an O2 environment. During the pyrolysis simulation, the first-step for S-removal was thiophenic sulfur conversion to C1–4S (mostly C2S), COS, or CNS. The heteroatom pyrolysis overlapped, for this structure, at these conditions. However, for the combustion simulation earlier conversion of thiophenic sulfur to COS was observed. No N–S containing structures occurred in this O-rich environment, as pyrrolic and pyridinic N quickly oxidized into CON or NO compounds. The S transformation during combustion can be summarized by COS → CO2S → CO3S → CO4S. The H atoms reacted with S-containing gases like COS/C2S/CNS producing HS and H2S rather than with the coke-S.",
author = "Qifan Zhong and Qiuyun Mao and Jin Xiao and {Van Duin}, Adri and Mathews, {Jonathan P.}",
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ReaxFF simulations of petroleum coke sulfur removal mechanisms during pyrolysis and combustion. / Zhong, Qifan; Mao, Qiuyun; Xiao, Jin; Van Duin, Adri; Mathews, Jonathan P.

In: Combustion and Flame, Vol. 198, 01.12.2018, p. 146-157.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - ReaxFF simulations of petroleum coke sulfur removal mechanisms during pyrolysis and combustion

AU - Zhong, Qifan

AU - Mao, Qiuyun

AU - Xiao, Jin

AU - Van Duin, Adri

AU - Mathews, Jonathan P.

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - Green petroleum coke (petcoke) is used as a feedstock for raw carbon material or as a fuel. Petcoke with high sulfur (S) content (>4 wt%) is typically restricted to fuel use unless extensive S removal is successful. Here, the S removal mechanisms during both pyrolysis and combustion were explored using the Reactive Force Field (ReaxFF) MD approach. A structural representation (C1648H772O59N24S47) of a green Qingdao petcoke was generated coupling high-resolution transmission electron microscopy lattice fringe image analysis and analytical data. This structure was consistent with elemental, aromaticity (FT-IR), the pair correlation function (XRD), and functional group (S, O, and N from XPS) data. The ReaxFF pyrolysis simulation produced gas and tar yields of 44.7 and 11.0 wt% at 3000 K after 250 ps of simulation. The combustion simulation on the same initial structure was performed in an O2 environment. During the pyrolysis simulation, the first-step for S-removal was thiophenic sulfur conversion to C1–4S (mostly C2S), COS, or CNS. The heteroatom pyrolysis overlapped, for this structure, at these conditions. However, for the combustion simulation earlier conversion of thiophenic sulfur to COS was observed. No N–S containing structures occurred in this O-rich environment, as pyrrolic and pyridinic N quickly oxidized into CON or NO compounds. The S transformation during combustion can be summarized by COS → CO2S → CO3S → CO4S. The H atoms reacted with S-containing gases like COS/C2S/CNS producing HS and H2S rather than with the coke-S.

AB - Green petroleum coke (petcoke) is used as a feedstock for raw carbon material or as a fuel. Petcoke with high sulfur (S) content (>4 wt%) is typically restricted to fuel use unless extensive S removal is successful. Here, the S removal mechanisms during both pyrolysis and combustion were explored using the Reactive Force Field (ReaxFF) MD approach. A structural representation (C1648H772O59N24S47) of a green Qingdao petcoke was generated coupling high-resolution transmission electron microscopy lattice fringe image analysis and analytical data. This structure was consistent with elemental, aromaticity (FT-IR), the pair correlation function (XRD), and functional group (S, O, and N from XPS) data. The ReaxFF pyrolysis simulation produced gas and tar yields of 44.7 and 11.0 wt% at 3000 K after 250 ps of simulation. The combustion simulation on the same initial structure was performed in an O2 environment. During the pyrolysis simulation, the first-step for S-removal was thiophenic sulfur conversion to C1–4S (mostly C2S), COS, or CNS. The heteroatom pyrolysis overlapped, for this structure, at these conditions. However, for the combustion simulation earlier conversion of thiophenic sulfur to COS was observed. No N–S containing structures occurred in this O-rich environment, as pyrrolic and pyridinic N quickly oxidized into CON or NO compounds. The S transformation during combustion can be summarized by COS → CO2S → CO3S → CO4S. The H atoms reacted with S-containing gases like COS/C2S/CNS producing HS and H2S rather than with the coke-S.

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