We have compared isogenic recA13/recA+ Escherichia coli K-12 strains for the induction by N-ethylN-nitrosourea (ENU) of forward mutations at a plasmid-encoded herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) gene. Treatment of plasmid-bearing bacteria with ENU resulted in a dose-dependent increase in the mutant frequencies of the chromosomal udk locus and of the plasmid HSV-tk locus in both recA13 and recA+ strains. Although the recA13 strain was considerably more sensitive to the cytotoxic effects of ENU treatment than was the recA+ strain, the ENU-induced mutation frequency at both loci was greater for therecA+ strain than for the recA13 strain. When plasmid DNA modified by in vitro reaction with ENU was used to transform recA13, recA+, and UV pre-irradiated recA+ strains, an increase in the HSV-tk mutant frequency was observed in all 3 cases. The induction of mutations in recA13 and recA+ strains followed a similar dose-response, while the ENU-induced HSV-tk mutant frequency was significantly greater for UV pre-irradiated recA+ bacteria. These results indicate that fixation of ENU-induced premutagenic lesions can occur by both recA-independent pathways.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis|
|State||Published - May 1987|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis