Reconsidering peers and delinquency

How do peers matter?

Dana L. Haynie, D. Wayne Osgood

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

416 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper examines the contribution of peer relations to delinquency from the perspective of two sociological traditions: socialization/normative influence and opportunity. Earlier studies have likely overestimated normative influence by relying on respondents' reports about their friends' behaviors rather than obtaining independent assessments and by inadequately controlling for the tendency to select peers who are similar to oneself. Using detailed social network data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we find support for both the socialization and opportunity models. Adolescents engage in higher rates of delinquency if they have highly delinquent friends and if they spend a great deal of time in unstructured socializing with friends. Yet our results also indicate that (1) the normative influence of peers on delinquency is more limited than indicated by most previous studies, (2) normative influence is not increased by being more closely attached to friends or spending more time with them, (3) the contribution of opportunity is independent from normative influence and of comparable importance, and (4) influences from the peer domain do not mediate the influences of age, gender, family or school.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1109-1130
Number of pages22
JournalSocial Forces
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

Fingerprint

delinquency
socialization
adolescent
Peers
Delinquency
longitudinal study
social network
gender
health
school

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • History
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Haynie, Dana L. ; Osgood, D. Wayne. / Reconsidering peers and delinquency : How do peers matter?. In: Social Forces. 2005 ; Vol. 84, No. 2. pp. 1109-1130.
@article{b43998984c5343cfa04819c8b8225266,
title = "Reconsidering peers and delinquency: How do peers matter?",
abstract = "This paper examines the contribution of peer relations to delinquency from the perspective of two sociological traditions: socialization/normative influence and opportunity. Earlier studies have likely overestimated normative influence by relying on respondents' reports about their friends' behaviors rather than obtaining independent assessments and by inadequately controlling for the tendency to select peers who are similar to oneself. Using detailed social network data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we find support for both the socialization and opportunity models. Adolescents engage in higher rates of delinquency if they have highly delinquent friends and if they spend a great deal of time in unstructured socializing with friends. Yet our results also indicate that (1) the normative influence of peers on delinquency is more limited than indicated by most previous studies, (2) normative influence is not increased by being more closely attached to friends or spending more time with them, (3) the contribution of opportunity is independent from normative influence and of comparable importance, and (4) influences from the peer domain do not mediate the influences of age, gender, family or school.",
author = "Haynie, {Dana L.} and Osgood, {D. Wayne}",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1353/sof.2006.0018",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "84",
pages = "1109--1130",
journal = "Social Forces",
issn = "0037-7732",
publisher = "University of North Carolina Press",
number = "2",

}

Reconsidering peers and delinquency : How do peers matter? / Haynie, Dana L.; Osgood, D. Wayne.

In: Social Forces, Vol. 84, No. 2, 01.12.2005, p. 1109-1130.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reconsidering peers and delinquency

T2 - How do peers matter?

AU - Haynie, Dana L.

AU - Osgood, D. Wayne

PY - 2005/12/1

Y1 - 2005/12/1

N2 - This paper examines the contribution of peer relations to delinquency from the perspective of two sociological traditions: socialization/normative influence and opportunity. Earlier studies have likely overestimated normative influence by relying on respondents' reports about their friends' behaviors rather than obtaining independent assessments and by inadequately controlling for the tendency to select peers who are similar to oneself. Using detailed social network data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we find support for both the socialization and opportunity models. Adolescents engage in higher rates of delinquency if they have highly delinquent friends and if they spend a great deal of time in unstructured socializing with friends. Yet our results also indicate that (1) the normative influence of peers on delinquency is more limited than indicated by most previous studies, (2) normative influence is not increased by being more closely attached to friends or spending more time with them, (3) the contribution of opportunity is independent from normative influence and of comparable importance, and (4) influences from the peer domain do not mediate the influences of age, gender, family or school.

AB - This paper examines the contribution of peer relations to delinquency from the perspective of two sociological traditions: socialization/normative influence and opportunity. Earlier studies have likely overestimated normative influence by relying on respondents' reports about their friends' behaviors rather than obtaining independent assessments and by inadequately controlling for the tendency to select peers who are similar to oneself. Using detailed social network data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we find support for both the socialization and opportunity models. Adolescents engage in higher rates of delinquency if they have highly delinquent friends and if they spend a great deal of time in unstructured socializing with friends. Yet our results also indicate that (1) the normative influence of peers on delinquency is more limited than indicated by most previous studies, (2) normative influence is not increased by being more closely attached to friends or spending more time with them, (3) the contribution of opportunity is independent from normative influence and of comparable importance, and (4) influences from the peer domain do not mediate the influences of age, gender, family or school.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=30744464084&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=30744464084&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1353/sof.2006.0018

DO - 10.1353/sof.2006.0018

M3 - Review article

VL - 84

SP - 1109

EP - 1130

JO - Social Forces

JF - Social Forces

SN - 0037-7732

IS - 2

ER -