Reconstitution of ThiC in thiamine pyrimidine biosynthesis expands the radical SAM superfamily

Abhishek Chatterjee, Yue Li, Yang Zhang, Tyler L. Grove, Michael Lee, Carsten Krebs, Squire J. Booker, Tadhg P. Begley, Steven E. Ealick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

4-Amino-5-hydroxymethyl-2-methylpyrimidine phosphate (HMP-P) synthase catalyzes a complex rearrangement of 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide (AIR) to form HMP-P, the pyrimidine moiety of thiamine phosphate. We determined the three-dimensional structures of HMP-P synthase and its complexes with the product HMP-P and a substrate analog imidazole ribotide. The structure of HMP-P synthase reveals a homodimer in which each protomer comprises three domains: an N-terminal domain with a novel fold, a central (βα)8 barrel and a disordered C-terminal domain that contains a conserved CX 2CX4C motif, which is suggestive of a [4Fe-4S] cluster. Biochemical studies have confirmed that HMP-P synthase is iron sulfur cluster-dependent, that it is a new member of the radical SAM superfamily and that HMP-P and 5′-deoxyadenosine are products of the reaction. Mössbauer and EPR spectroscopy confirm the presence of one [4Fe-4S] cluster. Structural comparisons reveal that HMP-P synthase is homologous to a group of adenosylcobalamin radical enzymes. This similarity supports an evolutionary relationship between these two superfamilies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)758-765
Number of pages8
JournalNature Chemical Biology
Volume4
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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