Reconstructing disturbances and their biogeochemical consequences over multiple timescales

Kendra K. McLauchlan, Philip E. Higuera, Daniel G. Gavin, Steven S. Perakis, Michelle C. Mack, Heather Alexander, John Battles, Franco Biondi, Brian Buma, Daniele Colombaroli, Sara K. Enders, Daniel R. Engstrom, Feng Sheng Hu, Jennifer R. Marlon, John Marshall, Matt McGlone, Jesse L. Morris, Lucas E. Nave, Bryan Shuman, Erica A.H. SmithwickDunia H. Urrego, David A. Wardle, Christopher J. Williams, Joseph J. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ongoing changes in disturbance regimes are predicted to cause acute changes in ecosystem structure and function in the coming decades, but many aspects of these predictions are uncertain. A key challenge is to improve the predictability of postdisturbance biogeochemical trajectories at the ecosystem level. Ecosystem ecologists and paleoecologists have generated complementary data sets about disturbance (type, severity, frequency) and ecosystem response (net primary productivity, nutrient cycling) spanning decadal to millennial timescales. Here, we take the first steps toward a full integration of these data sets by reviewing how disturbances are reconstructed using dendrochronological and sedimentary archives and by summarizing the conceptual frameworks for carbon, nitrogen, and hydrologic responses to disturbances. Key research priorities include further development of paleoecological techniques that reconstruct both disturbances and terrestrial ecosystem dynamics. In addition, mechanistic detail from disturbance experiments, long-term observations, and chronosequences can help increase the understanding of ecosystem resilience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-116
Number of pages12
JournalBioScience
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Ecosystem
ecosystems
chronosequences
long term experiments
ecologists
biogeochemical cycles
trajectories
primary productivity
prediction
carbon
nitrogen
Nitrogen
Carbon
Food
Research
methodology
Datasets

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

McLauchlan, K. K., Higuera, P. E., Gavin, D. G., Perakis, S. S., Mack, M. C., Alexander, H., ... Williams, J. J. (2014). Reconstructing disturbances and their biogeochemical consequences over multiple timescales. BioScience, 64(2), 105-116. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/bit017
McLauchlan, Kendra K. ; Higuera, Philip E. ; Gavin, Daniel G. ; Perakis, Steven S. ; Mack, Michelle C. ; Alexander, Heather ; Battles, John ; Biondi, Franco ; Buma, Brian ; Colombaroli, Daniele ; Enders, Sara K. ; Engstrom, Daniel R. ; Hu, Feng Sheng ; Marlon, Jennifer R. ; Marshall, John ; McGlone, Matt ; Morris, Jesse L. ; Nave, Lucas E. ; Shuman, Bryan ; Smithwick, Erica A.H. ; Urrego, Dunia H. ; Wardle, David A. ; Williams, Christopher J. ; Williams, Joseph J. / Reconstructing disturbances and their biogeochemical consequences over multiple timescales. In: BioScience. 2014 ; Vol. 64, No. 2. pp. 105-116.
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McLauchlan, KK, Higuera, PE, Gavin, DG, Perakis, SS, Mack, MC, Alexander, H, Battles, J, Biondi, F, Buma, B, Colombaroli, D, Enders, SK, Engstrom, DR, Hu, FS, Marlon, JR, Marshall, J, McGlone, M, Morris, JL, Nave, LE, Shuman, B, Smithwick, EAH, Urrego, DH, Wardle, DA, Williams, CJ & Williams, JJ 2014, 'Reconstructing disturbances and their biogeochemical consequences over multiple timescales', BioScience, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 105-116. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/bit017

Reconstructing disturbances and their biogeochemical consequences over multiple timescales. / McLauchlan, Kendra K.; Higuera, Philip E.; Gavin, Daniel G.; Perakis, Steven S.; Mack, Michelle C.; Alexander, Heather; Battles, John; Biondi, Franco; Buma, Brian; Colombaroli, Daniele; Enders, Sara K.; Engstrom, Daniel R.; Hu, Feng Sheng; Marlon, Jennifer R.; Marshall, John; McGlone, Matt; Morris, Jesse L.; Nave, Lucas E.; Shuman, Bryan; Smithwick, Erica A.H.; Urrego, Dunia H.; Wardle, David A.; Williams, Christopher J.; Williams, Joseph J.

In: BioScience, Vol. 64, No. 2, 01.01.2014, p. 105-116.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reconstructing disturbances and their biogeochemical consequences over multiple timescales

AU - McLauchlan, Kendra K.

AU - Higuera, Philip E.

AU - Gavin, Daniel G.

AU - Perakis, Steven S.

AU - Mack, Michelle C.

AU - Alexander, Heather

AU - Battles, John

AU - Biondi, Franco

AU - Buma, Brian

AU - Colombaroli, Daniele

AU - Enders, Sara K.

AU - Engstrom, Daniel R.

AU - Hu, Feng Sheng

AU - Marlon, Jennifer R.

AU - Marshall, John

AU - McGlone, Matt

AU - Morris, Jesse L.

AU - Nave, Lucas E.

AU - Shuman, Bryan

AU - Smithwick, Erica A.H.

AU - Urrego, Dunia H.

AU - Wardle, David A.

AU - Williams, Christopher J.

AU - Williams, Joseph J.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Ongoing changes in disturbance regimes are predicted to cause acute changes in ecosystem structure and function in the coming decades, but many aspects of these predictions are uncertain. A key challenge is to improve the predictability of postdisturbance biogeochemical trajectories at the ecosystem level. Ecosystem ecologists and paleoecologists have generated complementary data sets about disturbance (type, severity, frequency) and ecosystem response (net primary productivity, nutrient cycling) spanning decadal to millennial timescales. Here, we take the first steps toward a full integration of these data sets by reviewing how disturbances are reconstructed using dendrochronological and sedimentary archives and by summarizing the conceptual frameworks for carbon, nitrogen, and hydrologic responses to disturbances. Key research priorities include further development of paleoecological techniques that reconstruct both disturbances and terrestrial ecosystem dynamics. In addition, mechanistic detail from disturbance experiments, long-term observations, and chronosequences can help increase the understanding of ecosystem resilience.

AB - Ongoing changes in disturbance regimes are predicted to cause acute changes in ecosystem structure and function in the coming decades, but many aspects of these predictions are uncertain. A key challenge is to improve the predictability of postdisturbance biogeochemical trajectories at the ecosystem level. Ecosystem ecologists and paleoecologists have generated complementary data sets about disturbance (type, severity, frequency) and ecosystem response (net primary productivity, nutrient cycling) spanning decadal to millennial timescales. Here, we take the first steps toward a full integration of these data sets by reviewing how disturbances are reconstructed using dendrochronological and sedimentary archives and by summarizing the conceptual frameworks for carbon, nitrogen, and hydrologic responses to disturbances. Key research priorities include further development of paleoecological techniques that reconstruct both disturbances and terrestrial ecosystem dynamics. In addition, mechanistic detail from disturbance experiments, long-term observations, and chronosequences can help increase the understanding of ecosystem resilience.

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U2 - 10.1093/biosci/bit017

DO - 10.1093/biosci/bit017

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McLauchlan KK, Higuera PE, Gavin DG, Perakis SS, Mack MC, Alexander H et al. Reconstructing disturbances and their biogeochemical consequences over multiple timescales. BioScience. 2014 Jan 1;64(2):105-116. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/bit017