Record of volcanism since 7000 B.C. from the GISP2 Greenland ice core and implications for the volcano-climate system

G. A. Zielinski, P. A. Mayewski, L. D. Meeker, S. Whitlow, M. S. Twickler, M. Morrison, D. A. Meese, A. J. Gow, Richard B. Alley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

353 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sulfate concentrations from continuous biyearly sampling of the GISP2 Greenland ice core provide a record of potential climate-forcing volcanism since 7000 B.C. Although 85 percent of the events recorded over the last 2000 years were matched to documented volcanic eruptions, only about 30 percent of the events from 1 to 7000 B.C. were matched to such events. Several historic eruptions may have been greater sulfur producers than previously thought. There are three times as many events from 5000 to 7000 B.C. as over the last two millennia with sulfate deposition equal to or up to five times that of the largest known historical eruptions. This increased volcanism in the early Holocene may have contributed to climatic cooling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)948-952
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume264
Issue number5161
DOIs
StatePublished - May 13 1994

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Greenland
Ice
Climate
Sulfates
Volcanic Eruptions
Sulfur

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Zielinski, G. A., Mayewski, P. A., Meeker, L. D., Whitlow, S., Twickler, M. S., Morrison, M., ... Alley, R. B. (1994). Record of volcanism since 7000 B.C. from the GISP2 Greenland ice core and implications for the volcano-climate system. Science, 264(5161), 948-952. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.264.5161.948
Zielinski, G. A. ; Mayewski, P. A. ; Meeker, L. D. ; Whitlow, S. ; Twickler, M. S. ; Morrison, M. ; Meese, D. A. ; Gow, A. J. ; Alley, Richard B. / Record of volcanism since 7000 B.C. from the GISP2 Greenland ice core and implications for the volcano-climate system. In: Science. 1994 ; Vol. 264, No. 5161. pp. 948-952.
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Zielinski, GA, Mayewski, PA, Meeker, LD, Whitlow, S, Twickler, MS, Morrison, M, Meese, DA, Gow, AJ & Alley, RB 1994, 'Record of volcanism since 7000 B.C. from the GISP2 Greenland ice core and implications for the volcano-climate system', Science, vol. 264, no. 5161, pp. 948-952. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.264.5161.948

Record of volcanism since 7000 B.C. from the GISP2 Greenland ice core and implications for the volcano-climate system. / Zielinski, G. A.; Mayewski, P. A.; Meeker, L. D.; Whitlow, S.; Twickler, M. S.; Morrison, M.; Meese, D. A.; Gow, A. J.; Alley, Richard B.

In: Science, Vol. 264, No. 5161, 13.05.1994, p. 948-952.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Zielinski GA, Mayewski PA, Meeker LD, Whitlow S, Twickler MS, Morrison M et al. Record of volcanism since 7000 B.C. from the GISP2 Greenland ice core and implications for the volcano-climate system. Science. 1994 May 13;264(5161):948-952. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.264.5161.948