Recreating cardiovascular responses with rumination

The effects of a delay between harassment and its recall

Laura M. Glynn, Nicholas Christenfeld, William Gerin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cardiovascular responses occur not only in the immediate presence of stressors, but also while later thinking about those experiences. Evidence suggests that these delayed responses, such as those produced by ruminating about prior angering experiences, may play an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease. We examine whether physiological consequences of rumination depend on the delay between a stressor and its recall, and whether the magnitude of physiological responses decreases with repetition. Twenty-two participants experienced a three-minute harassment stressor, and later spent 3 min vividly recalling the task. Half the subjects returned for the first time after a week, and half returned after half an hour, and then also after a week. Blood pressure and heart rate were monitored during a baseline period, and during each session's stressor or rumination period. Results indicated that rumination was sufficient to elevate blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) above baseline, that the delay made no difference to the magnitude of the elevation, but that the second rumination seemed to be associated with a smaller response than the first. Response to the stressor was not associated with rumination responses, but the first rumination response was significantly correlated with the second. The effects of stress may be experienced long after the actual stressor is passed, and people who experience large delayed responses may not be the same as those with high initial responses. The "hot" affective portion of rumination may not be diminished by the passage of time, but by prior recreation of the experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-140
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

Fingerprint

Blood Pressure
Recreation
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Rate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Glynn, Laura M. ; Christenfeld, Nicholas ; Gerin, William. / Recreating cardiovascular responses with rumination : The effects of a delay between harassment and its recall. In: International Journal of Psychophysiology. 2007 ; Vol. 66, No. 2. pp. 135-140.
@article{e8aff120a4ad4543aedbf9bf8fed5bce,
title = "Recreating cardiovascular responses with rumination: The effects of a delay between harassment and its recall",
abstract = "Cardiovascular responses occur not only in the immediate presence of stressors, but also while later thinking about those experiences. Evidence suggests that these delayed responses, such as those produced by ruminating about prior angering experiences, may play an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease. We examine whether physiological consequences of rumination depend on the delay between a stressor and its recall, and whether the magnitude of physiological responses decreases with repetition. Twenty-two participants experienced a three-minute harassment stressor, and later spent 3 min vividly recalling the task. Half the subjects returned for the first time after a week, and half returned after half an hour, and then also after a week. Blood pressure and heart rate were monitored during a baseline period, and during each session's stressor or rumination period. Results indicated that rumination was sufficient to elevate blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) above baseline, that the delay made no difference to the magnitude of the elevation, but that the second rumination seemed to be associated with a smaller response than the first. Response to the stressor was not associated with rumination responses, but the first rumination response was significantly correlated with the second. The effects of stress may be experienced long after the actual stressor is passed, and people who experience large delayed responses may not be the same as those with high initial responses. The {"}hot{"} affective portion of rumination may not be diminished by the passage of time, but by prior recreation of the experience.",
author = "Glynn, {Laura M.} and Nicholas Christenfeld and William Gerin",
year = "2007",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2007.03.018",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "66",
pages = "135--140",
journal = "International Journal of Psychophysiology",
issn = "0167-8760",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

Recreating cardiovascular responses with rumination : The effects of a delay between harassment and its recall. / Glynn, Laura M.; Christenfeld, Nicholas; Gerin, William.

In: International Journal of Psychophysiology, Vol. 66, No. 2, 01.11.2007, p. 135-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Recreating cardiovascular responses with rumination

T2 - The effects of a delay between harassment and its recall

AU - Glynn, Laura M.

AU - Christenfeld, Nicholas

AU - Gerin, William

PY - 2007/11/1

Y1 - 2007/11/1

N2 - Cardiovascular responses occur not only in the immediate presence of stressors, but also while later thinking about those experiences. Evidence suggests that these delayed responses, such as those produced by ruminating about prior angering experiences, may play an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease. We examine whether physiological consequences of rumination depend on the delay between a stressor and its recall, and whether the magnitude of physiological responses decreases with repetition. Twenty-two participants experienced a three-minute harassment stressor, and later spent 3 min vividly recalling the task. Half the subjects returned for the first time after a week, and half returned after half an hour, and then also after a week. Blood pressure and heart rate were monitored during a baseline period, and during each session's stressor or rumination period. Results indicated that rumination was sufficient to elevate blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) above baseline, that the delay made no difference to the magnitude of the elevation, but that the second rumination seemed to be associated with a smaller response than the first. Response to the stressor was not associated with rumination responses, but the first rumination response was significantly correlated with the second. The effects of stress may be experienced long after the actual stressor is passed, and people who experience large delayed responses may not be the same as those with high initial responses. The "hot" affective portion of rumination may not be diminished by the passage of time, but by prior recreation of the experience.

AB - Cardiovascular responses occur not only in the immediate presence of stressors, but also while later thinking about those experiences. Evidence suggests that these delayed responses, such as those produced by ruminating about prior angering experiences, may play an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease. We examine whether physiological consequences of rumination depend on the delay between a stressor and its recall, and whether the magnitude of physiological responses decreases with repetition. Twenty-two participants experienced a three-minute harassment stressor, and later spent 3 min vividly recalling the task. Half the subjects returned for the first time after a week, and half returned after half an hour, and then also after a week. Blood pressure and heart rate were monitored during a baseline period, and during each session's stressor or rumination period. Results indicated that rumination was sufficient to elevate blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) above baseline, that the delay made no difference to the magnitude of the elevation, but that the second rumination seemed to be associated with a smaller response than the first. Response to the stressor was not associated with rumination responses, but the first rumination response was significantly correlated with the second. The effects of stress may be experienced long after the actual stressor is passed, and people who experience large delayed responses may not be the same as those with high initial responses. The "hot" affective portion of rumination may not be diminished by the passage of time, but by prior recreation of the experience.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=35548975795&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=35548975795&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2007.03.018

DO - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2007.03.018

M3 - Article

VL - 66

SP - 135

EP - 140

JO - International Journal of Psychophysiology

JF - International Journal of Psychophysiology

SN - 0167-8760

IS - 2

ER -