Red hair, MC1R variants, and risk for Parkinson's disease – a meta-analysis

Xiqun Chen, Danielle Feng, Michael A. Schwarzschild, Xiang Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Several studies have been conducted with mixed results since our initial report of increased Parkinson's disease risk in individuals with red hair and/or red hair-associated p.R151C variant of the MC1R gene, both of which confer high melanoma risk. We performed a meta-analysis of six publications on red hair, MC1R, and Parkinson's disease. We found that red hair (pooled odds ratios = 1.68, 95% confidence intervals: 1.07, 2.64) and p.R151C (pooled odds ratios = 1.10, 95% confidence intervals: 1.00, 1.21), but not p.R160W, were associated with greater risk for Parkinson's disease. Our results support potential roles of pigmentation and its key regulator MC1R in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-216
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Red hair, MC1R variants, and risk for Parkinson's disease – a meta-analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this