Reduced expression of CTR1 gene modulated by mitochondria causes enhanced ethylene response in cytoplasmic male-sterile Brassica juncea

Xunyan Liu, Xiaodong Yang, Xuan Zhao, Jinghua Yang, Mingfang Zhang

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied how mitochondria affect ethylene response via modulation of CTR1 expression in cytoplasmic male-sterile (CMS) Brassica juncea. The expression of CTR1 gene was reduced in CMS compared with male-fertile (MF) lines. We observed that hypocotyl and root lengths were shorter than in the MF line during germination in the dark. An enhanced ethylene response was observed in CMS plants as shown by the CMS and maintainer line phenotypes treated with 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid. The phenotype in CMS plants could be recovered to the maintainer line when treated with Ag +. One ethylene response gene, plant defensin gene, was detected to be induced in CMS. The behavior of this phenotype could be mimicked by treating the maintainer line with antimycin A that disturbs mitochondrial function, which showed reduced length of hypocotyl and roots, and resulted in similar expression patterns of ethylene-related genes as in CMS. The reduced length of hypocotyl and roots could be recovered to the maintainer line by treatment with gibberellic acid (GA 3). In addition, the GA 3 content was reduced in CMS plants and in the MF line treated with antimycin A. Ethylene treatment markedly affects GA 3 content; however, GA 3 did not significantly affect ethylene-related gene expression in regards to regulation of hypocotyl and root length, which suggests that ethylene acts upstream via gibberellin to regulate hypocotyls and root development. Taken together, our results suggest a link between mitochondrial modulation of the ethylene and gibberellin pathway that regulates the development of hypocotyl and roots.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)332-340
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume145
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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