To describe nonequilibrium transport processes in a quantum device with infinite baths, we propose to formulate the problems as a reduced-order problem. Starting with the Liouville-von Neumann equation for the density-matrix, the reduced-order technique yields a finite system with open boundary conditions. We show that with appropriate choices of subspaces, the reduced model can be obtained systematically from the Petrov-Galerkin projection. The self-energy associated with the bath emerges naturally. The results from the numerical experiments indicate that the reduced models are able to capture both the transient and steady states.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry