Cells expressing oncogenic c-Myc are sensitized to TNF superfamily proteins. c-Myc also is an important factor in determining whether a cell is sensitive to TRAIL-induced apoptosis, and it is well established that the mitochondrial pathway is essential for apoptosis induced by c-Myc. We investigated whether c-Myc action on the mitochondria is required for TRAIL sensitivity and found that Myc sensitized cells with defective intrinsic signaling to TRAIL. TRAIL induced expression of antiapoptotic Mcl-1 and cIAP2 through activation of NF-κB. Both Myc and the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib block NF-κB. Combining sorafenib with TRAIL in vivo showed dramatic efficacy in TRAIL-resistant tumor xenografts. We propose the combination of TRAIL with sorafenib holds promise for further development.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology
- Cancer Research