Region of attraction for a vehicle pose estimator utilizing monocular vision and lane marker maps

Robert D. Leary, Sean N. Brennan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Currently, there is a lack of low-cost, real-time solutions for accurate autonomous vehicle localization. The fusion of a precise a priori map and a forward-facing camera can provide an alternative low-cost method for achieving centimeter-level localization. This paper analyzes the position and orientation bounds, or region of attraction, with which a real-time vehicle pose estimator can localize using monocular vision and a lane marker map. A pose estimation algorithm minimizes the residual pixellevel error between the estimated and detected lane marker features via Gauss-Newton nonlinear least-squares. Simulations of typical road scenes were used as ground truth to ensure the pose estimator will converge to the true vehicle pose. A successful convergence was defined as a pose estimate that fell within 5 cm and 0.25 degrees of the true vehicle pose. The results show that the longitudinal vehicle state is weakly observable with the smallest region of attraction. Estimating the remaining five vehicle states gives repeatable convergence within the prescribed convergence bounds over a relatively large region of attraction, even for the simple lane detection methods used herein. A main contribution of this paper is to demonstrate a repeatable and verifiable method to assess and compare lane-based vehicle localization strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMechatronics; Mechatronics and Controls in Advanced Manufacturing; Modeling and Control of Automotive Systems and Combustion Engines; Modeling and Validation; Motion and Vibration Control Applications; Multi-Agent and Networked Systems; Path Planning and Motion Control; Robot Manipulators; Sensors and Actuators; Tracking Control Systems; Uncertain Systems and Robustness; Unmanned, Ground and Surface Robotics; Vehicle Dynamic Controls; Vehicle Dynamics and Traffic Control
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
Pages106DUMMY
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9780791850701
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2016 - Minneapolis, United States
Duration: Oct 12 2016Oct 14 2016

Other

OtherASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2016
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis
Period10/12/1610/14/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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