BACKGROUND AMD OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical features and visual acuity outcomes associated with the use of regional anesthesia with monitored anesthesia care (RA/MAC) versus general anesthesia for open globe injuries in adult reparable eyes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective, consecutive case series including all adults with open globe injuries repaired at Bascom Palmer Eye Institute between 2000 and 2003. RESULTS: The study included 238 eyes of 238 patients with a median age of 41 years. RA/MAC was employed in 141 (59%) eyes and general anesthesia in 97 (41%) eyes. Patients who had RA/MAC were significantly (P < .001) more likely to have anterior wound location (64% corneal/limbal vs 50%), shorter wound length (6.5 vs 12 mm), and formed anterior chamber (82% vs 56%), and were significantly less likely to have an afferent pupillary defect (12% vs 43%). The improvement from presenting visual acuity to each postoperative follow-up interval was similar for the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: RA/MAC is a reasonable alternative to general anesthesia for selected patients with open globe injuries.
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