Regulation of cytochrome P-450b and P-450e mRNA expression in the developing rat. Hybridization to synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotide probes

C. M. Giachelli, Curtis John Omiecinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

We conducted solution hybridization and Northern blot experiments utilizing synthetic 18'-mer oligodeoxyribonucleotides complementary to two major rat hepatic phenobarbital-inducible cytochrome P-450s, P-450b and P-450e, to assess their mRNA expression during rat development. At all ages studied, with one exception (i.e. in day 22 neonates), P-450b mRNA was not detected in control animals. However, traces of P-450e message were observed in control animals on day 22 and persisted to adulthood. Phenobarbital pretreatment caused marked increases in hepatic mRNA for both P-450s as early as 22 days after conception. No increases were observed in RNA isolated from phenobarbital-pretreated day 10 or 19 rats. In general, the inducible levels of P-450b and P-450e mRNA increased as a function of age. The age-dependent increase in responsiveness to phenobarbital was associated with an age-dependent decrease in the ratio of P-450b to P-450e mRNA levels. The levels of P-450b/P-450e varied from a ratio of 19 at day 22 of development to a ratio of 5 at day 62 of development. Maximal levels of phenobarbital-induced hepatic RNA for both isozymes occurred 24 days after birth (day 46 of development), at which time P-450b and P-450e mRNAs accumulated to levels 2.4- and 1.8-fold greater, respectively, than levels found in comparably induced adult rat liver. Northern blot analyses indicated that the major mRNA species hybridizing to either the P-450b or P-450e oligomers in all age groups studied was approximately 1.8 kilobases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1359-1363
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume261
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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