We identified CAPS1 (calcium-dependent activator protein for secretion) as a D2 dopamine receptor interacting protein (DRIP) in a yeast two-hybrid screen of a human brain library using the second intracellular domain of the human D2 receptor (D2IC2). CAPS1 is an evolutionarily conserved calcium binding protein essential for late-stage exocytosis of neurotransmitters from synaptic terminals. CAPS1 interaction was confirmed for both the long and short isoforms of the D2 receptor, but not with any other dopamine receptor subtype. Interaction between CAPS1 and the D2 receptor was validated using both pulldown and coimmunoprecipitation assays. Deletion mapping localized the D2 receptor binding site to a segment located within the C-terminal region of CAPS1 as well CAPS2. In PC12 cells, CAPS1 and D2 receptors were found to colocalize within both cytosolic and plasma membrane compartments. Overexpression of a truncated D2 receptor fragment caused a significant decrease in K+-evoked dopamine release from PC12 cells, whereas no effect on norepinephrine or BDNF release was observed. These results suggest that D2 dopamine receptors may modulate vesicle release from neuroendocrine cells via direct interaction with components of the exocytotic machinery.
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