Regulation of negative reactivity during the strange situation

Temperament and attachment in 12-month-old infants

Julia M. Braungart, Cynthia Stifter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine 12-month-olds' regulatory behaviors displayed during the Strange Situation and the extent to which those behaviors were related to infants' negative reactivity and attachment classification. Subjects included 80 healthy firstborn infants and their mothers. Negative affect and four regulatory categories (people orientation, object orientation, self-comforting behaviors, and toy exploration) were measured during the Strange Situation. Correlational analyses revealed that infants who were overtly upset oriented less toward people, more toward objects, and engaged in less toy exploration. Analyses of variance yielded significant differences for attachment groups (A, B1-B2, B3-B4, and C) in reactivity and regulation. The B1-B2 secure subgroup showed low levels of distress and low levels of regulation. Conversely, the B3-B4 secure subgroup displayed high levels of negative affect and high levels of regulatory behaviors during separation and reunion episodes (e.g., people and object orientation). Infants classified as insecure-avoidant displayed moderate amounts of distress, contrary to expectations, and exhibited self-directed types of regulation (e.g., self-comforting and toy exploration). Finally, insecure-resistant infants expressed intense levels of negative reactivity, exhibited some regulatory behaviors during separation, but little regulation during reunion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-364
Number of pages16
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Fingerprint

Temperament
Play and Playthings
Reunion
Analysis of Variance
Mothers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

@article{ab529e06e29341759caea9daf3dca56c,
title = "Regulation of negative reactivity during the strange situation: Temperament and attachment in 12-month-old infants",
abstract = "The purpose of the present study was to examine 12-month-olds' regulatory behaviors displayed during the Strange Situation and the extent to which those behaviors were related to infants' negative reactivity and attachment classification. Subjects included 80 healthy firstborn infants and their mothers. Negative affect and four regulatory categories (people orientation, object orientation, self-comforting behaviors, and toy exploration) were measured during the Strange Situation. Correlational analyses revealed that infants who were overtly upset oriented less toward people, more toward objects, and engaged in less toy exploration. Analyses of variance yielded significant differences for attachment groups (A, B1-B2, B3-B4, and C) in reactivity and regulation. The B1-B2 secure subgroup showed low levels of distress and low levels of regulation. Conversely, the B3-B4 secure subgroup displayed high levels of negative affect and high levels of regulatory behaviors during separation and reunion episodes (e.g., people and object orientation). Infants classified as insecure-avoidant displayed moderate amounts of distress, contrary to expectations, and exhibited self-directed types of regulation (e.g., self-comforting and toy exploration). Finally, insecure-resistant infants expressed intense levels of negative reactivity, exhibited some regulatory behaviors during separation, but little regulation during reunion.",
author = "Braungart, {Julia M.} and Cynthia Stifter",
year = "1991",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0163-6383(91)90027-P",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "349--364",
journal = "Infant Behavior and Development",
issn = "0163-6383",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "3",

}

Regulation of negative reactivity during the strange situation : Temperament and attachment in 12-month-old infants. / Braungart, Julia M.; Stifter, Cynthia.

In: Infant Behavior and Development, Vol. 14, No. 3, 01.01.1991, p. 349-364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Regulation of negative reactivity during the strange situation

T2 - Temperament and attachment in 12-month-old infants

AU - Braungart, Julia M.

AU - Stifter, Cynthia

PY - 1991/1/1

Y1 - 1991/1/1

N2 - The purpose of the present study was to examine 12-month-olds' regulatory behaviors displayed during the Strange Situation and the extent to which those behaviors were related to infants' negative reactivity and attachment classification. Subjects included 80 healthy firstborn infants and their mothers. Negative affect and four regulatory categories (people orientation, object orientation, self-comforting behaviors, and toy exploration) were measured during the Strange Situation. Correlational analyses revealed that infants who were overtly upset oriented less toward people, more toward objects, and engaged in less toy exploration. Analyses of variance yielded significant differences for attachment groups (A, B1-B2, B3-B4, and C) in reactivity and regulation. The B1-B2 secure subgroup showed low levels of distress and low levels of regulation. Conversely, the B3-B4 secure subgroup displayed high levels of negative affect and high levels of regulatory behaviors during separation and reunion episodes (e.g., people and object orientation). Infants classified as insecure-avoidant displayed moderate amounts of distress, contrary to expectations, and exhibited self-directed types of regulation (e.g., self-comforting and toy exploration). Finally, insecure-resistant infants expressed intense levels of negative reactivity, exhibited some regulatory behaviors during separation, but little regulation during reunion.

AB - The purpose of the present study was to examine 12-month-olds' regulatory behaviors displayed during the Strange Situation and the extent to which those behaviors were related to infants' negative reactivity and attachment classification. Subjects included 80 healthy firstborn infants and their mothers. Negative affect and four regulatory categories (people orientation, object orientation, self-comforting behaviors, and toy exploration) were measured during the Strange Situation. Correlational analyses revealed that infants who were overtly upset oriented less toward people, more toward objects, and engaged in less toy exploration. Analyses of variance yielded significant differences for attachment groups (A, B1-B2, B3-B4, and C) in reactivity and regulation. The B1-B2 secure subgroup showed low levels of distress and low levels of regulation. Conversely, the B3-B4 secure subgroup displayed high levels of negative affect and high levels of regulatory behaviors during separation and reunion episodes (e.g., people and object orientation). Infants classified as insecure-avoidant displayed moderate amounts of distress, contrary to expectations, and exhibited self-directed types of regulation (e.g., self-comforting and toy exploration). Finally, insecure-resistant infants expressed intense levels of negative reactivity, exhibited some regulatory behaviors during separation, but little regulation during reunion.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000506559&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000506559&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0163-6383(91)90027-P

DO - 10.1016/0163-6383(91)90027-P

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 349

EP - 364

JO - Infant Behavior and Development

JF - Infant Behavior and Development

SN - 0163-6383

IS - 3

ER -